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Efficiency and Productive Specialization: An Application to the Spanish Regions

Author

Listed:
  • Joaquin Maudos
  • Jose Pastor
  • Lorenzo Serrano

Abstract

MAUDOS J., PASTOR J. M. and SERRANO L. (2000) Efficiency and productive specialization: an application to the Spanish regions, Reg. Studies 34, 829-842. This paper shows the importance of the composition of production (productive specialization) and sector inefficiencies when evaluating efficiency in aggregate production. For this purpose, a new approach is proposed for obtaining efficiency scores which enables two components to be differentiated: one associated with the degree of efficiency within each sector (intra-sector efficiency); and another associated with the composition of production (composition efficiency). The application of this approach and its breakdown for the Spanish regions in the period 1964-93, using a non-parametric approach (data envelopment analysis), shows greater gains in composition efficiency as a consequence of the structural changes in productive specialization. Also, the breakdown of labour productivity convergence shows the increasing importance over time of composition efficiency as a source of convergence being even more important than capital accumulation from the mid-1970s. Nevertheless, intra-sector efficiency gains were a significant source of convergence for the whole period analysed. MAUDOS J., PASTOR J. M. et SERRANO L. (2000) Efficacite et specialisation productive: une application aux regions en Espagne, Reg. Studies 34, 829-842. Cet article cherche a demontrer l'importance de la composition des inefficacites de production - specialisation productive - et des inefficacites sectorielles lors de l'evaluation de l'efficacite de la production globale. On propose une nouvelle facon d'obtenir les scores d'efficacite qui permet la differenciation de deux composants: l'un qui s'associe au degre d'efficacite au sein de chaque secteur d'activite - efficacite intrasectorielle - et l'autre qui s'associe a la composition de la production - efficacite de composition. L'application de cette facon et de sa decomposition regionale pour l'Espagne entre 1964 et 1993 a partir d'un test non parametrique - DEA - laisse voir de plus importants gains d'efficacite de composition suite aux modifications structurelles de la specialisation productive. Qui plus est, la decompositon de la convergence de la productivite montre l'importance accrue sur le temps de l'efficacite de composition comme source de convergence, etant plus important que ne l'est l'accumulation de capital depuis le milieu des annees 1970. Toujours est-il que les gains d'efficacite intrasectoriels se sont averes une source non-negligeable de convergence sur toute la periode etudiee. MAUDOS J., PASTOR J. M. und SERRANO L. (2000) Leistungsfahigkeit und produktive Spezialisierung: eine Anwendung auf die spanischen Regionen, Reg. Studies 34, 829-842. Dieser Aufsatz zeigt die Bedeutung auf, die dem Zusammentreffen von Produktion - produtiver Spezialisierung - und mangelnder Leistungsfahigkeit gewisser Sektoren bei der Leistungsbewertung in der Gesamtproduktion zukommt. Es wird deshalb ein neuer Ansatz zur Erarbeitung von Leistungsergebnissen vorgeschlagen, der gestattet, zwei Komponenten zu unterscheiden: eine, die der Leistungshohe in jedem Sektor zugeordnet wird (intersektionale Leistung) und eine zweite fur die Zusammensetzung der Produktion (Zusammensetzungsleistung). Die Anwendung dieses Ansatzes und seine Untergliederung fur die spanischen Regionen im Zeitraum 1964-1993 mittels Anwendung eines nicht-parametrischen Ansatzes (DEA) weist infolge strukturellen Wandels bei produktiver Spezialisierung grosseren Gewinn in der Zusammensetzungsleistung auf. Daruberhinaus zeigt die Aufschlusselung der Arbeitsleistungskonvergenz im Laufe der Zeit die zunehmende Bedeutung der Zusammensetzungsleistung als Quelle der Konvergenz auf, der seit der Mitte der siebziger Jahre grossere Bedeutung als der Kapitalansammlung zukommt. Nichdestoweinger blieben intera-sektorale Leistungszunahmen in dem von den Autoren analysierten Gesamtzeitraum eine wichtige Quelle der Konvergenz.

Suggested Citation

  • Joaquin Maudos & Jose Pastor & Lorenzo Serrano, 2000. "Efficiency and Productive Specialization: An Application to the Spanish Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(9), pages 829-842.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:9:p:829-842
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400020002967
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Kerstin Enflo & Per Hjertstrand, 2009. "Relative Sources of European Regional Productivity Convergence: A Bootstrap Frontier Approach," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(5), pages 643-659.
    3. Carmen López Pueyo & Mª Jesús Mancebón Torrubia, 2009. "Sources of productivity growth and convergence in ict industries: an intertemporal non-parametric frontier approach?," Documentos de Trabajo dt2009-04, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
    4. Hitzschke, Stephan, 2011. "The optimal size of German cities: An efficiency analysis perspective," Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics 202, Darmstadt University of Technology, Department of Law and Economics.
    5. Zamora Sanz, Mª Del Mar & Pena Trapero, J. Bernardo, 2007. "Dinámica regional en los sectores productivos de la economía española: crecimiento de la productividad y su descomposición/Regional Dynamic in the Spanish Productive Sectors: Total Factor Productivity," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 25, pages 655-690, Diciembre.
    6. George Emmanuel Halkos & Nickolaos Tzeremes, 2010. "Measuring regional economic efficiency: the case of Greek prefectures," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 45(3), pages 603-632, December.
    7. Halkos, George & Tzeremes, Nickolaos, 2011. "Population density and regional welfare efficiency," MPRA Paper 30097, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. M. M. Salinas-Jimenez, 2003. "Technological change, efficiency gains and capital accumulation in labour productivity growth and convergence: an application to the Spanish regions," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(17), pages 1839-1851.
    9. Chiu, Yung-ho & Huang, Chin-wei & Ma, Chun-Mei, 2011. "Assessment of China transit and economic efficiencies in a modified value-chains DEA model," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 209(2), pages 95-103, March.
    10. Andrés Artal-Tur & Carlos Llano-Verduras & Francisco Requena-Silvente, 2010. "Factor productivity differences and missing trade problems in a regional HOV model," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 89(4), pages 759-776, November.
    11. Becerril-Torres, Osvaldo U. & Álvarez-Ayuso, Inmaculada C. & Del moral-Barrera, Laura E., 2010. "Do infrastructures influence the convergence of efficiency in Mexico?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 120-137, January.
    12. Salinas-Jimenez, M. del Mar, 2004. "Public infrastructure and private productivity in the Spanish regions," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 47-64, January.
    13. Wen-Min Lu & Shih-Fang Lo, 2012. "Constructing stratifications for regions in China with sustainable development concerns," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 46(6), pages 1807-1823, October.
    14. Manevska-Tasevska, Gordana & Hansson, Helena & Asmild, Mette & Surry, Yves, 2018. "Assessing the regional efficiency of Swedish agriculture under the CAP ‒ a multidirectional efficiency approach," 162nd Seminar, April 26-27, 2018, Budapest, Hungary 271971, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
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    16. Ilkka Susiluoto, 2001. "Efficiency of Economic Regions in Finland 1988-1999: Application of the DEA method," ERSA conference papers ersa01p83, European Regional Science Association.
    17. Halkos, George & Tzeremes, Nickolaos, 2011. "Regional environmental efficiency and economic growth: NUTS2 evidence from Germany, France and the UK," MPRA Paper 33698, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Gude, Alberto & Álvarez, Inmaculada C. & Orea, Luis, 2017. "Heterogeneous spillovers among Spanish provinces: A generalized spatial stochastic frontier model," Efficiency Series Papers 2017/03, University of Oviedo, Department of Economics, Oviedo Efficiency Group (OEG).
    19. Ahmed, Elsadig Musa & Krishnasamy, Geeta, 2013. "Are Asian technology gaps due to human capital quality differences?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 51-58.
    20. Ramón Mª-Dolores, 2004. "Public capital effects on spanish regions productivity: a non-parametric approach (1965-1998)," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 171(4), pages 57-74, december.
    21. José Pastor & Empar Pons & Lorenzo Serrano, 2010. "Regional inequality in Spain: permanent income versus current income," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 44(1), pages 121-145, February.
    22. Karima Kourtit & Peter Nijkamp, 2013. "In Search Of Creative Champions In High-Tech Spaces: A Spatial Application Of Strategic Performance Management," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(5), pages 749-777, December.
    23. Loikkanen, Heikki A. & Susiluoto, Ilkka, 2002. "An evaluation of economic efficiency of finnish regions by DEA and Tobit models," ERSA conference papers ersa02p237, European Regional Science Association.
    24. José Manuel Pastor & Lorenzo Serrano, 2016. "The determinants of the research output of universities: specialization, quality and inefficiencies," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 109(2), pages 1255-1281, November.

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