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Convergencia en las regiones españolas: cambio técnico, eficiencia y productividad

  • Joaquín Maudos Villarroya

    (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas)

  • José Manuel Pastor Monsálvez

    (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas)

  • Lorenzo Serrano Martínez

    (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas)

The aim of this paper is to analyze the convergence of labor productivity in the Spanish regions over the period 1964-9 1. A nonparametric approach is used to compute Malmquist productivity indexes. Through their decomposition, we calculate the contribution of technical progress, changes in efficiency and inputs accumulation per worker to the convergence of labor productivity. Contrary to other papers, the results show that, far from existing a process of technological catching-up, the technical progress has played against the convergence in labor productivity, since richer regions have experienced larger rates of growth of technical progress. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la convergencia en la productividad del trabajo de las regiones españolas en el periodo 1964-91. Se utiliza una aproximación frontera no paramétrica para calcular el índice de Malmquist de productividad. A través de su descomposición, se cuantifica la contribución del progreso técnico, de los cambios en eficiencia y de la acumulación de inputs por trabajador a la convergencia de la productividad del trabajo. A diferencia de otros trabajos, los resultados obtenidos muestran que, lejos de existir un proceso de catching-up tecnológico, el progreso técnico ha jugado en contra de la convergencia en la productividad del trabajo, dado que las regiones ricas han experimentado mayores tasas de crecimiento del progreso técnico.

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File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasec/wpasec-1997-20.pdf
File Function: Fisrt version / Primera version, 1997
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Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 1997-20.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Jan 1997
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:1997-20
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