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Convergencia en las regiones españolas: cambio técnico, eficiencia y productividad

Author

Listed:
  • Joaquín Maudos Villarroya

    (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas)

  • José Manuel Pastor Monsálvez

    (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas)

  • Lorenzo Serrano Martínez

    (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyze the convergence of labor productivity in the Spanish regions over the period 1964-9 1. A nonparametric approach is used to compute Malmquist productivity indexes. Through their decomposition, we calculate the contribution of technical progress, changes in efficiency and inputs accumulation per worker to the convergence of labor productivity. Contrary to other papers, the results show that, far from existing a process of technological catching-up, the technical progress has played against the convergence in labor productivity, since richer regions have experienced larger rates of growth of technical progress. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la convergencia en la productividad del trabajo de las regiones españolas en el periodo 1964-91. Se utiliza una aproximación frontera no paramétrica para calcular el índice de Malmquist de productividad. A través de su descomposición, se cuantifica la contribución del progreso técnico, de los cambios en eficiencia y de la acumulación de inputs por trabajador a la convergencia de la productividad del trabajo. A diferencia de otros trabajos, los resultados obtenidos muestran que, lejos de existir un proceso de catching-up tecnológico, el progreso técnico ha jugado en contra de la convergencia en la productividad del trabajo, dado que las regiones ricas han experimentado mayores tasas de crecimiento del progreso técnico.

Suggested Citation

  • Joaquín Maudos Villarroya & José Manuel Pastor Monsálvez & Lorenzo Serrano Martínez, 1997. "Convergencia en las regiones españolas: cambio técnico, eficiencia y productividad," Working Papers. Serie EC 1997-20, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  • Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:1997-20
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mª Jesús Delgado & Inmaculada Álvarez, 2004. "Technological catch-up in the 15 European Union member states: the role of public and educational capital," European Economy Group Working Papers 31, European Economy Group.
    2. Carmen López Pueyo & Mª Jesús Mancebón Torrubia, 2009. "Sources of productivity growth and convergence in ict industries: an intertemporal non-parametric frontier approach?," Documentos de Trabajo dt2009-04, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
    3. Maria Jesus Delgado & Inmaculada Alvarez, 2003. "Productive Capital and Technical Efficiency in the UE-15," ERSA conference papers ersa03p43, European Regional Science Association.
    4. Zamora Sanz, Mª Del Mar & Pena Trapero, J. Bernardo, 2007. "Dinámica regional en los sectores productivos de la economía española: crecimiento de la productividad y su descomposición/Regional Dynamic in the Spanish Productive Sectors: Total Factor Productivity," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 25, pages 655-690, Diciembre.
    5. M. M. Salinas-Jimenez, 2003. "Technological change, efficiency gains and capital accumulation in labour productivity growth and convergence: an application to the Spanish regions," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(17), pages 1839-1851.
    6. Roberto Leon-Gonzalez & Daniel Montolio, 2004. "Growth, convergence and public investment. A Bayesian model averaging approach," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(17), pages 1925-1936.
    7. Boscá, José E. & Liern, Vicente & Martínez, Aurelio & Sala, Ramøn, 2009. "Increasing offensive or defensive efficiency? An analysis of Italian and Spanish football," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 63-78, February.
    8. Joaquín Maudos & José Manuel Pastor & Lorenzo Serrano, 2000. "Crecimiento de la productividad y su descomposición en progreso técnico y cambio de eficiencia: una aplicación regional y sectorial en España (1964-1993)," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 24(1), pages 177-205, January.
    9. Mª Jesús Delgado Rodríguez & Inmaculada Alvarez Ayuso, 2004. "Capital público y eficiencia productiva: evidencia para la UE-15," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 168(1), pages 27-46, marzo.
    10. Joaquín Maudos Villarroya & José Manuel Pastor Monsálvez & Lorenzo Serrano Martínez, 1998. "- Eficiency And Productivity Specialization: The Spanish Regions," Working Papers. Serie EC 1998-26, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    11. Joaquin Maudos & Jose Manuel Pastor & Lorenzo Serrano, 2000. "Convergence in OECD countries: technical change, efficiency and productivity," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(6), pages 757-765.
    12. Delgado Rodríguez, Mª J. & Álvarez Ayuso, I., 2004. "La contribución de las políticas de inversión en capital público y humano al crecimiento de la productividad en la UE-15/The Contribution of Human and Public Capital Policies to Productivity Growth in," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 22, pages 273-288, Agosto.
    13. Joaquin Maudos & Jose Pastor & Lorenzo Serrano, 2000. "Efficiency and Productive Specialization: An Application to the Spanish Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(9), pages 829-842.
    14. Rodríguez Vález, J. & Arias Sampedro, C., 2004. "Desbordamiento espacial de la productividad de las infraestructuras: una aplicación con fronteras estocásticas," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 22, pages 1-16, Diciembre.
    15. Ramón Mª-Dolores, 2004. "Public capital effects on spanish regions productivity: a non-parametric approach (1965-1998)," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 171(4), pages 57-74, december.
    16. Jaume Puig, 2000. "Technical inefficiency and public capital in US States: A stochastic frontier approach," Economics Working Papers 451, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    17. Nuria Fernández Conejero, 2005. "Ownership as a determining factor in the evolution of efficiency," Working Papers 04/05, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.
    18. Leonede Leonida & Daniel Montolio, "undated". "Inter-Distributional and Intra-Clusters Dynamics, and Territorial Distribution of Growth among Spanish Provinces," Studies on the Spanish Economy 109, FEDEA.
    19. José Pastor & Empar Pons & Lorenzo Serrano, 2010. "Regional inequality in Spain: permanent income versus current income," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 44(1), pages 121-145, February.

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