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- Capital Humano Y Convergencia Regional

  • Lorenzo Serrano Martínez

    (Universitat de València)

This paper analyzes the relationship between human capital and convergence with a model that takes into account the different effects of human capital accumulation on regional convergence. As an input, human capital produces convergence due to both decreasing returns and public intervention on education. As a determining factor of Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth, it generates divergence when there exist regional differences in human capital stocks. The empirical analysis show that, over 1964-93 period, human capital has been an important sourceof regional net divergence in Spain. Consequently, the convergence rate has been relatively small. The results indicate the potential role of educational policy in order to achieve a spatially equilibrated growth. Este trabajo revisa la relación entre capital humano y convergencia a través de un modelo que permite analizar los diversos efectos de la acumulación de capital humano sobre la convergencia regional. Como input productivo, el capital humano genera convergencia entre las regiones debido tanto a la existencia de rendimientos decrecientes como a la intervención pública en materia educativa. Como determinante del crecimiento de la productividad total de los factores, genera divergencia si existen diferencias regionales en las dotaciones de este factor. El análisis empírico muestra que a lo largo del periodo 1964-1993 el capital humano ha sido una importante fuente neta de divergencia regional en España haciendo que la velocidad de convergencia registrada haya sido relativamente modesta. Los resultados apuntan al papel que la política educativa puede desempeñar como instrumento para lograr un crecimiento espacialmente equilibrado.

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File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasec/wpasec-1998-12.pdf
File Function: Fisrt version / Primera version, 1998
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Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 1998-12.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: May 1998
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:1998-12
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