IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Regional Growth and Convergence: Evidence from the United States


  • Efthymios Tsionas


TSIONAS E. G. (2000) Regional growth and convergence: evidence from the United States, Reg. Studies 34 , 231-238. The paper considers regional convergence in the US. Both g - and † -convergence tests indicate that in the period 1977-96 regional incomes do not converge, yet kernel density estimates of the distribution show some variation in the tail characteristics of the distribution. Using finite normal mixtures to examine time invariance of the distribution in a more formal way, the paper concludes that the distribution of the logarithms of regional income has indeed shown very little time variation. The distribution of income percentages shows some mobility, there is a structural break in mixing probabilities, mixing means and variances, but the mobility is not strong enough to imply a radical change in the co-movement patterns of regional means. TSIONAS E. G. (2000) La croissance et la convergence regionales: des preuves provenant des Etats-Unis, Reg. Studies 34 , 231-238. Cet article cherche a etudier la convergence aux Etats-Unis. Et le test de convergence g - et le test de convergence † - laissent voir que les revenus regionaux ne convergent pas entre 1977 et 1996. Toujours est-il que les estimations fondamentales de densite de la distribution laisse voir une certaine variation des caracteristiques de queue de la distribution. Employant des melanges normaux finis pour examiner de facon plus formelle l'invariance temps de la distribution, l'article conclut que la distribution des logarithmes du revenu regional a en effet varie tres peu sur le temps. La distribution des pourcentages de revenu montre une certaine mobilite. Il y a une rupture structurelle des probabilites de melange des moyennes de melanges et des variances. Cependant, la mobilite ne s'avere pas suffisamment forte pour laisser supposer un changement radical des distributions de mouvement simultane des moyennes regionales. TSIONAS E. G. (2000) Regionales Wachstum und Konvergenz: Beweise aus den Vereinigten Staaten, Reg. Studies 34 , 231-238. Dieser Aufsatz beschaftigt sich mit regionaler Konvergenz in den Vereinigten Staaten. Sowohl g als auch † Konvergenzprufungen zeigen, dass regionale Einkommen sich im Zeitraum 1977-1996 nicht aneinander annahern, doch Kerndichteschatzungen der Verteilung weisen bei den zuletzt aufgefuhrten Merkmalen einige Abweichungen in der Verteilung auf. Der Aufsatz benutzt begrenzte Normalmischungen zur Untersuchung der Zeitinvarianz der Verteilung auf formalere Art, und folgert, dass die Verteilung der Logarithmen eines regionalen einkommens tatsachlich nur sehr geringe zeitliche Abweichungen aufgewiesen hat. Die Verteilung der Einkommensprozentsatze erweist sich als etwas beweglicher, es gibt eine strukturelle Unterbrechung bei der Mischung von Wahrscheinlichkeiten, der Mischung von Mitteln und Abweichungen, doch ist die Beweglichkeit nicht stark genug, eine radikale Wende in den simultanen Bewegungsmustern regionaler Mittel anzuzeigen.

Suggested Citation

  • Efthymios Tsionas, 2000. "Regional Growth and Convergence: Evidence from the United States," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(3), pages 231-238.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:3:p:231-238
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400050015078

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier X., 1996. "Regional cohesion: Evidence and theories of regional growth and convergence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 1325-1352, June.
    2. Durlauf, Steven N & Johnson, Paul A, 1995. "Multiple Regimes and Cross-Country Growth Behaviour," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(4), pages 365-384, Oct.-Dec..
    3. Kevin Lee & M. Hashem Pesaran & Ron Smith, 1998. "Growth Empirics: A Panel Data Approach—A Comment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 113(1), pages 319-323.
    4. Lee, Kevin & Pesaran, M Hashem & Smith, Ron, 1997. "Growth and Convergence in Multi-country Empirical Stochastic Solow Model," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(4), pages 357-392, July-Aug..
    5. de la Fuente, Angel, 2002. "On the sources of convergence: A close look at the Spanish regions," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 569-599, March.
    6. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-437.
    7. Bernard, Andrew B & Durlauf, Steven N, 1995. "Convergence in International Output," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(2), pages 97-108, April-Jun.
    8. Yang Hong, 1996. "Sources of Productivity Disparities in Regional Grain Production in China," Chinese Economies Research Centre (CERC) Working Papers 1996-09, University of Adelaide, Chinese Economies Research Centre.
    9. Canova, Fabio & Marcet, Albert, 1995. "The Poor Stay Poor: Non-Convergence Across Countries and Regions," CEPR Discussion Papers 1265, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Paul Cashin & Loris Strappazzon, 1998. "Disparities in Australian Regional Incomes: Are They Widening or Narrowing?," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 31(1), pages 3-26.
    11. Rossana Galli, 1997. "Is There Long Run Industrial Convergence in Europe?," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(3), pages 333-368.
    12. Evans, Paul & Karras, Georgios, 1996. "Convergence revisited," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 249-265, April.
    13. Quah, Danny, 1993. " Galton's Fallacy and Tests of the Convergence Hypothesis," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95(4), pages 427-443, December.
    14. Kevin Lee & M. Hashem Pesaran & Ron Smith, "undated". "Growth and Convergence in a Multi-County empirical Stochastic Solow Model," Discussion Papers in Economics 96/14, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
    15. Quah, Danny T., 1996. "Empirics for economic growth and convergence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 1353-1375, June.
    16. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1994. "Cross-sectional regressions and the empirics of economic growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(3-4), pages 739-747, April.
    17. Magrini, Stefano, 1999. "The evolution of income disparities among the regions of the European Union," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 257-281, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:3:p:231-238. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Longhurst). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.