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Sources of Productivity Disparities in Regional Grain Production in China


  • Yang Hong


The study utilises survey data on 1000 households in rural China to investigate sources of disparities in factor productivities for rice, wheat and maize in different provinces. The effects of natural endowments are emphasised. It is found that for respective crops, the level of factor productivities is generally higher in their major producing areas than that in the non-major producing areas due partly to more suitable natural conditions and more specialised production. Meanwhile, farmers' production efforts, in particular land input also tend to be in favour of major crops. This biased behaviour rises factor productivities for major crops and lowers them for non-major crops in different regions. The finding of this study underlines the efficiency of specialisation of crop production in areas where natural conditions are favourable and where farmers are more experienced in producing them.

Suggested Citation

  • Yang Hong, 1996. "Sources of Productivity Disparities in Regional Grain Production in China," Chinese Economies Research Centre (CERC) Working Papers 1996-09, University of Adelaide, Chinese Economies Research Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:adl:cercwp:1996-09

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cheng Enjiang & Wu Yanrui, 1995. "Market Reform and Integration in China in the early 1990s: The Case of Maize," Chinese Economies Research Centre (CERC) Working Papers 1995-01, University of Adelaide, Chinese Economies Research Centre.
    2. Li Qing-zeng & Andrew Watson & Christopher Findlay, 1991. "Grain Production and Regional Economic Change in China," Chinese Economies Research Centre (CERC) Working Papers 1991-13, University of Adelaide, Chinese Economies Research Centre.
    3. Nguyen, Tin & Cheng, Enjiang & Findlay, Christopher, 1996. "Land fragmentation and farm productivity in China in the 1990s," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 169-180.
    4. Lin, Justin Yifu, 1992. "Rural Reforms and Agricultural Growth in China," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 34-51, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Efthymios Tsionas, 2000. "Regional Growth and Convergence: Evidence from the United States," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(3), pages 231-238.

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