IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Environmental and socio-economic factors in carbon offsets: an approach to sustainable management and planning in climate change strategy


  • Ryunosuke Kikuchi


In 1997 the European Commission presented a communication to clarify the link between environmental strategy and job creation, and the Kyoto Protocol was also negotiated during that year. While it may be considered that implementation of the protocol has contributed to environmental and socio-economic phases in the response to climate change, the method of accounting for carbon offsets is ambiguous and uncertain from the management viewpoint. In addition, from the planning viewpoint there is doubt as to how to realise a low-carbon society without any socio-economic burden. Since it is important to know the real value of carbon offsets when considering the environment for future generations, it is necessary to prepare a management tool to accurately account for carbon offsets. The identification of the effects of climate change will be a key to properly planning global-scale projects, and financial options will depend upon how greenhouse gases are categorised (pollution or a global warming threat). Categorisation should therefore be considered carefully.

Suggested Citation

  • Ryunosuke Kikuchi, 2011. "Environmental and socio-economic factors in carbon offsets: an approach to sustainable management and planning in climate change strategy," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 54(3), pages 355-367.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jenpmg:v:54:y:2011:i:3:p:355-367
    DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2010.506084

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Chang, Keh-Chin & Lin, Wei-Min & Chung, Kung-Ming, 2013. "Solar thermal market in Taiwan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 477-482.
    2. Lin, W.M. & Chang, K.C. & Chung, K.M., 2015. "Payback period for residential solar water heaters in Taiwan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 901-906.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:jenpmg:v:54:y:2011:i:3:p:355-367. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Longhurst). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.