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Black--white wage differentials: duration and probability unemployment effects in a multiple of sample selection bias model


  • John Baffoe-Bonnie
  • Anthony O. Gyapong


The extent to which probability and duration of unemployment affect the black--white wage differentials is examined in this paper. The paper simultaneously incorporates in the wage equation the multiple sample selection bias that occurs as a result of individuals’ propensity to be in the labor force, and the firm’s hiring decisions. The results reveal a substantial contribution of the duration of unemployment variable to the black--white wage differential, but a small portion of the differential is explained by the probability of unemployment. The results also indicate a sizeable difference between the contribution of the duration of unemployment variable to the male’s wage differentials (26%) and to the female’s (35%). The study finds that an individual’s labor force decision as well as a firm’s hiring decision are important in the wage determination process and that failure to account for the sample selectivity bias due to these two decisions will result in either underestimating or overestimating the wage differentials between black and white workers. At the macro level, the results seem to suggest that promotion of racial wage equality should be associated with policies that will minimize blacks’ incidence of unemployment and duration of unemployment spells.

Suggested Citation

  • John Baffoe-Bonnie & Anthony O. Gyapong, 2011. "Black--white wage differentials: duration and probability unemployment effects in a multiple of sample selection bias model," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(5), pages 559-584, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:irapec:v:25:y:2011:i:5:p:559-584
    DOI: 10.1080/02692171.2010.534439

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kunze, Astrid, 2000. "The Determination of Wages and the Gender Wage Gap: A Survey," IZA Discussion Papers 193, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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