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Structural Change in Apartheid-era South Africa: 1975-93

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  • Aying Liu
  • David Saal

Abstract

This paper examines the sources of structural changes in output growth of South Africa's economy over 1975-93 using a decomposition method within the inputoutput (IO) framework for analysing output changes from a demand side perspective. It decomposes output growth into private consumption, government consumption, investment and export components and also measures the impact of import substitution and changes in intermediate input use (as indicated by changes in IO coefficients). It is found that, before 1981, overall output growth was multi-components driven with all the above components contributing positively to economic growth. However, the collapse of investment demand is by far the single largest factor contributing to the economic stagnation that categorizes the post-1981 period.

Suggested Citation

  • Aying Liu & David Saal, 2001. "Structural Change in Apartheid-era South Africa: 1975-93," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(3), pages 235-257.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:ecsysr:v:13:y:2001:i:3:p:235-257
    DOI: 10.1080/09537320120070130
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Saari, M. Yusof & Dietzenbacher, Erik & Los, Bart, 2015. "Sources of Income Growth and Inequality Across Ethnic Groups in Malaysia, 1970–2000," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 311-328.
    2. Hong, Jae Pyo & Byun, Jeong Eun & Kim, Pang Ryong, 2016. "Structural changes and growth factors of the ICT industry in Korea: 1995–2009," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 502-513.
    3. Ranjini L. Thaver & E. M. Ekanayake, 2010. "The Impact Of Apartheid And International Sanctions On South Africa'S Import Demand Function: An Empirical Analysis," The International Journal of Business and Finance Research, The Institute for Business and Finance Research, vol. 4(4), pages 11-22.
    4. Paul De Boer, 2008. "Additive Structural Decomposition Analysis and Index Number Theory: An Empirical Application of the Montgomery Decomposition," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(1), pages 97-109.
    5. Ranjini L. Thaver & E. M. Ekanayake & Daniel R. Plante, 2012. "An Estimation Of The Impact Of Gear And Nepad On South Africa'S Disaggregated Import Demand Function With Nigeria," The International Journal of Business and Finance Research, The Institute for Business and Finance Research, vol. 6(2), pages 69-79.
    6. Andrea BONFIGLIO, 2005. "Sector Potentiality and Sources of Growth. An Analysis of Structural Changes in Italy in the Nineties," Working Papers 237, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.

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