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Military Spending and Income Inequality:Evidence on Cointegration and Causality for Turkey,1963--2007

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  • Adem Y. Elveren

Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between defence spending and income inequality in Turkey for the period of 1963--2007. Using the Theil Index of pay inequality as a proxy of overall income distribution, this study overcomes the problem of lack of time series data. Utilizing basic cointegration and causality tests, the paper aims to add to the literature by providing evidence that defence spending has an impact on income inequality for the case of Turkey.

Suggested Citation

  • Adem Y. Elveren, 2012. "Military Spending and Income Inequality:Evidence on Cointegration and Causality for Turkey,1963--2007," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(3), pages 289-301, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:defpea:v:23:y:2012:i:3:p:289-301
    DOI: 10.1080/10242694.2011.578414
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Muhammad Shahbaz & Reza Sherafatian-Jahromi & Muhammad Nasir Malik & Muhammad Shahbaz Shabbir & Farooq Ahmed Jam, 2016. "Linkages between defense spending and income inequality in Iran," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 50(3), pages 1317-1332, May.
    2. Syed Ali Raza & Muhammad Shahbaz & Sudharshan Reddy Paramati, 2017. "Dynamics of Military Expenditure and Income Inequality in Pakistan," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 131(3), pages 1035-1055, April.
    3. Unal Tongur & Adem Yavuz Elveren, 2012. "Military Expenditures, Inequality, and Welfare and Political Regimes: A Dynamic Panel Data Analysis," ERC Working Papers 1210, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Dec 2012.
    4. repec:ipg:wpaper:2014-513 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Ünal Töngür & Adem Yavuz Elveren, 2016. "The impact of military spending and income inequality on economic growth in Turkey," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(3), pages 433-452, June.
    6. Raza, Syed Ali & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2014. "To Battle Income Inequality, Focus on Military Expenditures: Lesson from Pakistan," MPRA Paper 57773, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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