How Not to Industrialise? Indonesia's Automotive Industry
This paper examines the development of the Indonesian automotive industry since 1970. After giving an overview of trends and a comparative East Asian assessment, we investigate ownership patterns, the political economy of intervention and key structural features of the industry. Output grew rapidly in the three decades to 1997; there was a significant increase in technological capacity; and some firms in the components and commercial vehicle sectors were approaching international efficiency. However, the highly interventionist policy regime has resulted in an inefficient industry characterised by “back-to-front” industrialisation, uneconomic production runs and minuscule exports. The industry's fundamental weaknesses were exposed by the crisis of 1997-99. Looking beyond the current difficulties, the future challenge will be to develop a globally efficient and integrated industry.
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Volume (Year): 36 (2000)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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