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Credit growth, current account and financial depth

Author

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  • M. Fatih Ekinci
  • F. Pinar Erdem
  • Zubeyir Kilinc

Abstract

Exploring the determinants and dynamics of the current account balance is one of the priorities of academic literature and policy circles. Although the effects of structural variables are deeply analysed, a lesser attention has been paid to the impact of financial variables. Drawing on standard empirical current account models and with a large sample of industrial and developing countries, we report a significant deterioration in the current account balance in case of an increase in the credit growth. Moreover, we find that this link is substantially stronger for the developing ones motivating a closer examination. Therefore, we further advance our analysis and show that credit growth causes a stronger impact on the current account balance for lower levels of financial depth. In other words, at the early stages of financial development, acceleration in the credit growth might cause a larger deterioration in the current account balance; thus, it might be suggested that monetary policy and macro-prudential measures aimed at preventing financial excess might be more effective to reduce the external imbalances at the early stages of financial deepening.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Fatih Ekinci & F. Pinar Erdem & Zubeyir Kilinc, 2015. "Credit growth, current account and financial depth," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(17), pages 1809-1821, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:47:y:2015:i:17:p:1809-1821
    DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2014.1002897
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    Cited by:

    1. Ekinci, Mehmet Fatih & Omay, Tolga, 2020. "Current account and credit growth: The role of household credit and financial depth," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    2. Serdar Varlik & M. Hakan Berument, 2020. "Monetary policy under a multiple‐tool environment," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 72(3), pages 225-250, July.
    3. Zeynel Harun Aliogullari & Yusuf Soner Baskaya & Yunus Emrah Bulut & Mustafa Kilinc, 2015. "Turkiye’de Tuketici ve Ticari Kredilerin Cari Acikla Iliskisi," CBT Research Notes in Economics 1519, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
    4. Cengiz Tunc & Abdullah Yavas, 2016. "Not all credit is created equal : Mortgage vs non-mortgage debt and private saving rate in Turkey," Central Bank Review, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, vol. 16(1), pages 25-32.
    5. Egzona Hani Selimi & Milan Eliskovski, 2018. "The effect of household and enterprise credit on current account balance: Evidence from the Republic of North Macedonia," Working Papers 2018-09, National Bank of the Republic of North Macedonia.
    6. Nazli Toraganli & Hasan Murat Ertugrul, 2016. "Does credit composition matter for current account dynamics? Evidence from Turkey," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(8), pages 1090-1100, November.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F37 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Finance Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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