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Participation in export markets and the role of R&D: establishment-level evidence from the UK Community Innovation Survey 2005


  • Richard Harris
  • Qian Cher Li


There is a strong expectation in the literature that exporting and innovation activities (particularly R&D) are strongly related, and that the need to be innovative is increasing over time due to globalization. In this study, we find that R&D is endogenous in a model that determines which British establishments enter export markets, and when such simultaneity is taken into account the strength of the export-innovation relationship is generally quite weak (especially in the nonmanufacturing sector). Rather, we find that the size of establishments and firms, foreign ownership, the extent of international co-operation and, most importantly, the industry sector to which the establishment belongs, are the most significant in explaining which establishments are able to overcome entry barriers into overseas markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Harris & Qian Cher Li, 2011. "Participation in export markets and the role of R&D: establishment-level evidence from the UK Community Innovation Survey 2005," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(23), pages 3007-3020.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:43:y:2011:i:23:p:3007-3020
    DOI: 10.1080/00036840903427190

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Prebisch, Raúl, 1950. "The economic development of Latin America and its principal problems," Sede de la CEPAL en Santiago (Estudios e Investigaciones) 29973, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
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    Cited by:

    1. Falk, Martin & de Lemos, Francisco Figueira, 2019. "Complementarity of R&D and productivity in SME export behavior," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 157-168.
    2. Oliviero A. Carboni & Giuseppe Medda, 2018. "R&D, export and investment decision: evidence from European firms," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(2), pages 187-201, January.
    3. OA Carboni & G. Medda, 2017. "Do Investment and Innovation Boost Export? An Analysis on European Firms," Working Paper CRENoS 201708, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.

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