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Is social protection a necessity or a luxury good? New multivariate cointegration panel data results

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  • Monica Auteri
  • Mauro Costantini

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to test the claim that social protection is a luxury good. Therefore, GDP elasticity of selected social protection expenditure is estimated using a new econometric approach developed first by Kao and Chiang (Advances in Econometrics, 15, 179-222, 2000). Time series properties of selected social expenditure in 18 OECD countries from 1981 to 1998 are examined. Using panel data cointegration tests and OLS, FMOLS and DOLS estimators, results were found which differ from previous analyses reporting substantially higher income elasticities. With the FMOLS, selected social expenditure has income elasticities smaller than one but greater than one with the DOLS. It is noteworthy that whether selected social expenditure is stationary or nonstationary may have critical implications for researchers and policy makers desiring to model and explain the impact of this expenditure on a country economic system.

Suggested Citation

  • Monica Auteri & Mauro Costantini, 2004. "Is social protection a necessity or a luxury good? New multivariate cointegration panel data results," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(17), pages 1887-1898.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:36:y:2004:i:17:p:1887-1898
    DOI: 10.1080/0003684042000291902
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Fabio Pammolli & Francesco Porcelli & Francesco Vidoli & Monica Auteri & Guido Borà, 2017. "La spesa sanitaria delle Regioni in Italia - Saniregio 2017," Working Papers CERM 01-2017, Competitività, Regole, Mercati (CERM).
    2. James J. Forest & Paul Turner, 2013. "Alternative estimators of cointegrating parameters in models with nonstationary data: an application to US export demand," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(5), pages 629-636, February.
    3. Nilgun Yavuz & Veli Yilanci & Zehra Ozturk, 2013. "Is health care a luxury or a necessity or both? Evidence from Turkey," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 14(1), pages 5-10, February.

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