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The Implied Market Price of Weather Risk

Author

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  • Wolfgang Karl Härdle
  • Brenda López Cabrera

Abstract

Weather derivatives (WD) are end-products of a process known as securitization that transforms non-tradable risk factors (weather) into tradable financial assets. For pricing and hedging non-tradable assets, one essentially needs to incorporate the market price of risk (MPR), which is an important parameter of the associated equivalent martingale measure (EMM). The majority of papers so far has priced non-tradable assets assuming zero or constant MPR, but this assumption yields biased prices and has never been quantified earlier under the EMM framework. Given that liquid-derivative contracts based on daily temperature are traded on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME), we infer the MPR from traded futures-type contracts (CAT, CDD, HDD and AAT). The results show how the MPR significantly differs from 0, how it varies in time and changes in sign. It can be parameterized, given its dependencies on time and temperature seasonal variation. We establish connections between the market risk premium (RP) and the MPR.

Suggested Citation

  • Wolfgang Karl Härdle & Brenda López Cabrera, 2012. "The Implied Market Price of Weather Risk," Applied Mathematical Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(1), pages 59-95, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apmtfi:v:19:y:2012:i:1:p:59-95
    DOI: 10.1080/1350486X.2011.591170
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Eckhard Platen & Jason West, 2004. "A Fair Pricing Approach to Weather Derivatives," Asia-Pacific Financial Markets, Springer;Japanese Association of Financial Economics and Engineering, vol. 11(1), pages 23-53, March.
    2. Richards, Timothy J. & Manfredo, Mark R. & Sanders, Dwight R., 2004. "Pricing Weather Derivatives," Working Papers 28536, Arizona State University, Morrison School of Agribusiness and Resource Management.
    3. Hélène Hamisultane, 2007. "Extracting Information from the Market to Price the Weather Derivatives," Working Papers halshs-00079192, HAL.
    4. Hung‐Hsi Huang & Yung‐Ming Shiu & Pei‐Syun Lin, 2008. "HDD and CDD option pricing with market price of weather risk for Taiwan," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 28(8), pages 790-814, August.
    5. Martin Odening & Oliver Musshoff & Wei Xu, 2007. "Analysis of rainfall derivatives using daily precipitation models: opportunities and pitfalls," Agricultural Finance Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 67(1), pages 135-156, May.
    6. Peter Alaton & Boualem Djehiche & David Stillberger, 2002. "On modelling and pricing weather derivatives," Applied Mathematical Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(1), pages 1-20.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Wolfgang Karl Härdle & Brenda López-Cabrera & Matthias Ritter, 2012. "Forecast based Pricing of Weather Derivatives," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2012-027, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    2. Benth, Fred Espen & Taib, Che Mohd Imran Che, 2013. "On the speed towards the mean for continuous time autoregressive moving average processes with applications to energy markets," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 259-268.
    3. Fred Espen Benth & Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, 2012. "Modeling and Pricing in Financial Markets for Weather Derivatives," World Scientific Books, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., number 8457, November.
    4. Ahmet Göncü, 2013. "Comparison of temperature models using heating and cooling degree days futures," Journal of Risk Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 14(2), pages 159-178, February.
    5. Fred Benth & Wolfgang Karl Härdle & Brenda López Cabrera, 2009. "Pricing of Asian temperature risk," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2009-046, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    6. Fred Espen Benth & Paul Kruhner, 2014. "Representation of infinite dimensional forward price models in commodity markets," Papers 1403.4111, arXiv.org.
    7. A. Alexandridis & A. Zapranis, 2013. "Wind Derivatives: Modeling and Pricing," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 41(3), pages 299-326, March.
    8. Awdesch Melzer & Wolfgang K. Härdle & Brenda López Cabrera, 2017. "Pricing Green Financial Products," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2017-020, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    9. Eirini Konstantinidi & Gkaren Papazian & George Skiadopoulos, 2015. "Modeling the Dynamics of Temperature with a View to Weather Derivatives," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Anastasios G Malliaris & William T Ziemba (ed.), THE WORLD SCIENTIFIC HANDBOOK OF FUTURES MARKETS, chapter 17, pages 511-544, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    10. Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen & Fred Espen Benth & Almut E. D. Veraart, 2013. "Modelling energy spot prices by volatility modulated L\'{e}vy-driven Volterra processes," Papers 1307.6332, arXiv.org.
    11. Joanna Janczura, 2014. "Pricing electricity derivatives within a Markov regime-switching model: a risk premium approach," Mathematical Methods of Operations Research, Springer;Gesellschaft für Operations Research (GOR);Nederlands Genootschap voor Besliskunde (NGB), vol. 79(1), pages 1-30, February.
    12. Maria Grith & Wolfgang K. Härdle & Alois Kneip & Heiko Wagner, 2016. "Functional Principal Component Analysis for Derivatives of Multivariate Curves," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2016-033, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    13. Dorfleitner, Gregor & Wimmer, Maximilian, 2010. "The pricing of temperature futures at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1360-1370, June.
    14. Brenda López Cabrera & Martin Odening & Matthias Ritter, 2013. "Pricing Rainfall Derivatives at the CME," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2013-005, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    15. Karl Härdle, Wolfgang & López-Cabrera, Brenda & Teng, Huei-Wen, 2015. "State price densities implied from weather derivatives," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 106-125.
    16. Ahčan, Aleš, 2012. "Statistical analysis of model risk concerning temperature residuals and its impact on pricing weather derivatives," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 131-138.
    17. Groll, Andreas & López-Cabrera, Brenda & Meyer-Brandis, Thilo, 2016. "A consistent two-factor model for pricing temperature derivatives," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 112-126.
    18. Matthias Ritter & Oliver Mußhoff & Martin Odening, 2010. "Meteorological forecasts and the pricing of weather derivatives," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2010-043, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    19. L. Kermiche & N. Vuillermet, 2016. "Weather derivatives structuring and pricing: a sustainable agricultural approach in Africa," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(2), pages 165-177, January.
    20. Wolfgang Karl Härdle & Brenda López Cabrera & Ostap Okhrin & Weining Wang, 2016. "Localizing Temperature Risk," Journal of the American Statistical Association, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 111(516), pages 1491-1508, October.
    21. López Cabrera, Brenda & Odening, Martin & Ritter, Matthias, 2013. "Pricing rainfall futures at the CME," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4286-4298.
    22. Ragnhild Noven & Almut Veraart & Axel Gandy, 2015. "A Lévy-driven rainfall model with applications to futures pricing," AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis, Springer;German Statistical Society, vol. 99(4), pages 403-432, October.
    23. repec:spr:compst:v:79:y:2014:i:1:p:1-30 is not listed on IDEAS
    24. Mengmeng Guo & Lhan Zhou & Jianhua Z. Huang & Wolfgang Karl Härdle, 2013. "Functional Data Analysis of Generalized Quantile Regressions," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2013-001, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G19 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Other
    • G29 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Other
    • N26 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N56 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • Q29 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Other
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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