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A survival analysis approach to the duration of union membership in Italy

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  • Andrea Vaona

Abstract

Thanks to direct access to union databases, this article applies survival analysis to a sample of 47 637 Italian workers trying to explain the determinants of the duration of union membership. The results show that union membership duration is a positive, though declining, function of age. Furthermore, women, flexible workers, foreign ones and those working in cities tend to show less attachment to union membership than other workers. The estimated median duration is about 6 years. Positive hazard duration dependence is also found. Unobserved heterogeneity is detected but it does not significantly affect model estimates.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Vaona, 2010. "A survival analysis approach to the duration of union membership in Italy," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(11), pages 1089-1093.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:17:y:2010:i:11:p:1089-1093
    DOI: 10.1080/00036840902817482
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Yu Hsing, 2001. "A macroeconomic analysis of the impact of union wage increases on nonunion wages," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(12), pages 803-806.
    2. Vaona, Andrea, 2006. "The duration of union membership: An empirical study," Kiel Working Papers 1268, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    3. Almas Heshmati & Ilham Haouas, 2004. "The effects of union wage-settings on firms' production factor decisions," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(7), pages 415-420.
    4. Cho Joonmo & Cheon Byung You, 2008. "Exploring reasons why cross-section analysis underestimates the union premium in Korea," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(5), pages 395-398.
    5. Mike Ingham, 1995. "Union joining: an empirical test of the social custom model," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(8), pages 245-247.
    6. Keith Bender, 1997. "Specification issues in the modelling of union status determination," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(8), pages 481-485.
    7. Francis Vella & Marno Verbeek, 1998. "Whose wages do unions raise? A dynamic model of unionism and wage rate determination for young men," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(2), pages 163-183.
    8. John T. Addison & Claus Schnabel (ed.), 2003. "International Handbook of Trade Unions," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 2705.
    9. Jelle Visser, 2002. "Why Fewer Workers Join Unions in Europe: A Social Custom Explanation of Membership Trends," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 40(3), pages 403-430, September.
    10. Nicola-Maria Riley, 1997. "Determinants of Union Membership: A Review," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 11(2), pages 265-301, June.
    11. Mark Baimbridge & Philip Whyman & Claire Simpson, 1997. "Trade union membership density: the case of the AUT," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(9), pages 541-545.
    12. C. Jeffrey Waddoups, 2001. "Unionism and poverty-level wages in the service sector: the case of Nevada's hotel-casino industry," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(3), pages 163-167.
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    Cited by:

    1. Paulo Maças Nunes & Zélia Serrasqueiro, 2012. "Are young SMEs' survival determinants different? Empirical evidence using panel data," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(9), pages 849-855, June.
    2. Paulo Maçãs Nunes & Zélia Serrasqueiro & Jacinto Vidigal da Silva, 2014. "Family-owned and non family-owned SMEs: empirical evidence of survival determinants," Economics and Business Letters, Oviedo University Press, vol. 3(1), pages 68-76.

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