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Virtual Water and an EKC for Water Pollution

Listed author(s):
  • Alexi Thompson

    ()

    (Indiana University of Pennsylvania)

  • Christopher Jeffords

    (Indiana University of Pennsylvania)

Abstract This paper includes country level virtual water data in an Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) for water pollution. Virtual water accounts for the total amount of water required to produce a good in all stages of production. This paper constructs a water independence index, defined as the water required in domestic production divided by the amount of water required for all imported goods. Results suggest an increase in trade openness and importing water intensive goods may lower water pollution levels.

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File URL: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11269-016-1541-1
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Article provided by Springer & European Water Resources Association (EWRA) in its journal Water Resources Management.

Volume (Year): 31 (2017)
Issue (Month): 3 (February)
Pages: 1061-1066

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Handle: RePEc:spr:waterr:v:31:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11269-016-1541-1
DOI: 10.1007/s11269-016-1541-1
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  1. Grossman, G.M & Krueger, A.B., 1991. "Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement," Papers 158, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Public and International Affairs.
  2. Brian R. Copeland & M. Scott Taylor, 2004. "Trade, Growth, and the Environment," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 42(1), pages 7-71, March.
  3. Palanisamy Shanmugam & S. Neelamani & Yu-Hwan Ahn & Ligy Philip & Gi-Hoon Hong, 2007. "Assessment of the levels of coastal marine pollution of Chennai city, Southern India," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 21(7), pages 1187-1206, July.
  4. Chris Jeffords & Lanse Minkler, 2016. "Do Constitutions Matter? The Effects of Constitutional Environmental Rights Provisions on Environmental Outcomes," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 69(2), pages 294-335, 05.
  5. Hilary Sigman, 2002. "International Spillovers and Water Quality in Rivers: Do Countries Free Ride?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(4), pages 1152-1159, September.
  6. Managi, Shunsuke & Hibiki, Akira & Tsurumi, Tetsuya, 2009. "Does trade openness improve environmental quality?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 58(3), pages 346-363, November.
  7. Werner Antweiler & Brian R. Copeland & M. Scott Taylor, 2001. "Is Free Trade Good for the Environment?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(4), pages 877-908, September.
  8. Suleyman Muyibi & Abdul Ambali & Garoot Eissa, 2008. "The Impact of Economic Development on Water Pollution: Trends and Policy Actions in Malaysia," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 22(4), pages 485-508, April.
  9. Stern, David I. & Common, Michael S. & Barbier, Edward B., 1996. "Economic growth and environmental degradation: The environmental Kuznets curve and sustainable development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(7), pages 1151-1160, July.
  10. Dinda, Soumyananda, 2004. "Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis: A Survey," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 431-455, August.
  11. Gawande, Kishore & Berrens, Robert P. & Bohara, Alok K., 2001. "A consumption-based theory of the environmental Kuznets curve," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 101-112, April.
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