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National Identity, National Pride, and Happiness: The Case of South Korea

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  • Shang Ha
  • Seung-Jin Jang

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationships among national identity, national pride, and happiness, using a nationally representative survey dataset from South Korea. Two dimensions of national identity—civic and ethnic—are considered, after factor-analyzing eight survey items. The results demonstrate that national pride is positively associated with happiness, but empirical evidence is scarce regarding the relationship between national identity and happiness. Also, we have not found alleged moderating effects of national identity on the relationship between national pride and happiness. Lack of statistically significant effects of national identity is not consistent with the pre-existing findings from cross-national surveys. Given that national identity is deeply rooted in a historically unique context of each nation, this study calls for a more nuanced conceptualization of national identity and culture-specific measures to fully grasp its association with happiness. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Suggested Citation

  • Shang Ha & Seung-Jin Jang, 2015. "National Identity, National Pride, and Happiness: The Case of South Korea," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 121(2), pages 471-482, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:121:y:2015:i:2:p:471-482
    DOI: 10.1007/s11205-014-0641-7
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    1. Skyscrapers and Happiness: An International Comparison (Part I)
      by Jason Barr in Skynomics Blog on 2017-12-11 00:22:05

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    Cited by:

    1. Philip S. Morrison, 2016. "Pride and the city," REGION, European Regional Science Association, vol. 3, pages 103-124.
    2. Chenhao Sun & Jisoo Ha, 2019. "Fashion Designers and National Identity: A Comparative Empirical Analysis of Chinese and Korean Fashion Designers," Asian Culture and History, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 11(2), pages 1-75, September.
    3. Prayag, Girish & Mills, Hamish & Lee, Craig & Soscia, Isabella, 2020. "Team identification, discrete emotions, satisfaction, and event attachment: A social identity perspective," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 373-384.
    4. Marlene Mußotter, 2022. "We do not measure what we aim to measure: Testing Three Measurement Models for Nationalism and Patriotism," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 56(4), pages 2177-2197, August.
    5. Chenhao Sun & Jisoo Ha, 2020. "National Identity Expressed in Chinese and Korean Clothing," Asian Culture and History, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 12(1), pages 1-17, March.
    6. Tae‐Hyoung T. Gim, 2021. "Partial least squares regression and importance–satisfaction analyses of the strategic drivers of happiness: A quality of life survey in Seoul, Korea," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(1), pages 567-599, March.
    7. Ronald Kwon & Kevin McCaffree & Caroline Taylor, 2020. "The Impact of Muslim Religious Accommodations on Subjective Well‐Being Among Christian Majorities and Nonattendees: Evidence from the European Social Survey, 2002–2008," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 101(4), pages 1552-1571, July.
    8. David G. Blanchflower & Carol L. Graham, 2022. "The Mid-Life Dip in Well-Being: a Critique," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 161(1), pages 287-344, May.
    9. Kasamara Valeria & Maximenkova Marina & Sorokina Anna, 2019. "National Pride In The Collective Memory Of British And Russian Youth," HSE Working papers WP BRP 71/PS/2019, National Research University Higher School of Economics.

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