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Liquidity of Secondary Capital Markets: Allocative Efficiency and the Maturity Composition of the Capital Stock

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  • Bencivenga, Valerie R
  • Smith, Bruce D
  • Starr, Ross M

Abstract

We investigate the function of liquid financial markets for the allocation of productive capital. We consider an economy where agents endogenously choose among capital production technologies with differing gestation periods. Longgestation capital investments must be "rolled-over" in secondary capital markets. The use of such investment technologies therefore requires the support of liquid financial markets. We investigate how changes in the liquidity of these markets (i.e., in the costs of transacting) affect (a) the choice of capital production technology, (b) per capita income and the per capita capital stock, (c) the level of financial market activity, (d) the real return on savings and (e) welfare in a steady state equilibrium. Improvements in financial market liquidity raise rates of return on savings, and favor the increased use of long gestation capital investments. However, such improvements may or may not lead to higher levels of real activity or steady state welfare. We describe conditions under which various outcomes occur.
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Suggested Citation

  • Bencivenga, Valerie R & Smith, Bruce D & Starr, Ross M, 1996. "Liquidity of Secondary Capital Markets: Allocative Efficiency and the Maturity Composition of the Capital Stock," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 7(1), pages 19-50, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:joecth:v:7:y:1996:i:1:p:19-50
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    Cited by:

    1. Uras, R.B., 2014. "Financial Development, Long-Term Finance and the Macroeconomy : The Role of Secondary Markets," Discussion Paper 2014-044, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    2. Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Maksimovic, Vojislav, 1995. "Stock market development and firm financing choices," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1461, The World Bank.
    3. Oðuzhan Yilmaz, 2016. "Analysis of the Relationships between Financial Development and Economic Growth through Romer’s Expanding Variety of Products Model: The Case of Turkey," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(3), pages 1155-1164.
    4. Boyd, John H. & Chang, Chun & Smith, Bruce D., 2002. "Deposit insurance: a reconsideration," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(6), pages 1235-1260, September.
    5. Uras, Burak R., 2013. "Investment composition and productivity with heterogeneous entrepreneurs," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 104-116.
    6. Greenwood, Jeremy & Smith, Bruce D., 1997. "Financial markets in development, and the development of financial markets," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 145-181, January.
    7. Bental, Benjamin & Demougin, Dominique, 2016. "Privatizing profits and socializing losses with smoothly operating capital markets," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 179-194.

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