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Carbon footprint analysis through constructing a multi-region input–output table: a case study of Japan

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  • Ryoji Hasegawa

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  • Shigemi Kagawa

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  • Makiko Tsukui

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Abstract

In line with recent trends toward decentralization, prefectural and municipal governments in Japan are becoming increasingly involved with managing global warming in their regions. As a result, there is a new need to estimate the environmental effects of regional economic activities, which can be used to establish effective energy policies at the regional level. However, the details of these effects remain unclear due to a lack of basic data. In this paper, we construct an original multi-region input–output (MRIO) table based on interregional shipments among Japan’s 47 prefectures; this is done using the prefectures’ single-region input–output (SRIO) tables and by applying a non-survey technique. We use the constructed MRIO table, which we make freely available online, to estimate the carbon footprint and carbon leakage of every region and consider the structure of emissions at the regional level from the standpoints of consumer and producer responsibility. The results reveal that production-based emissions often differ significantly from consumption-based emissions. In addition, the regional-level ratio of carbon leakage to carbon footprint is 51.7 % on average and ranges from 34.8 to 79.8 %. Furthermore, the effects of economic activity in and around Tokyo in terms of CO 2 emissions and leakage vary across regions. JEL classification: Q54, R11, R15 Copyright Hasegawa et al. 2015

Suggested Citation

  • Ryoji Hasegawa & Shigemi Kagawa & Makiko Tsukui, 2015. "Carbon footprint analysis through constructing a multi-region input–output table: a case study of Japan," Journal of Economic Structures, Springer;Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS), vol. 4(1), pages 1-20, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jecstr:v:4:y:2015:i:1:p:1-20:10.1186/s40008-015-0015-6
    DOI: 10.1186/s40008-015-0015-6
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Fabio Monsalve & Mateo Ortiz & María-Ángeles Cadarso & Enrique Gilles & Jorge Zafrilla & Luis-Antonio López, 2020. "Nesting a city input–output table in a multiregional framework: a case example with the city of Bogota," Journal of Economic Structures, Springer;Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS), vol. 9(1), pages 1-24, December.
    3. Michiyuki Yagi & Shigemi Kagawa & Shunsuke Managi & Hidemichi Fujii & Dabo Guan, 2020. "Supply Constraint from Earthquakes in Japan in Input–Output Analysis," Risk Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 40(9), pages 1811-1830, September.
    4. Meng, Fanxin & Liu, Gengyuan & Hu, Yuanchao & Su, Meirong & Yang, Zhifeng, 2018. "Urban carbon flow and structure analysis in a multi-scales economy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 553-564.
    5. Mi, Zhifu & Zhang, Yunkun & Guan, Dabo & Shan, Yuli & Liu, Zhu & Cong, Ronggang & Yuan, Xiao-Chen & Wei, Yi-Ming, 2016. "Consumption-based emission accounting for Chinese cities," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 184(C), pages 1073-1081.
    6. Makiko Tsukui & Takumi Ichikawa & Masaru Kagatsume, 2017. "Repercussion effects of consumption by domestic tourists in Tokyo and Kyoto estimated using a regional waste input–output approach," Journal of Economic Structures, Springer;Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS), vol. 6(1), pages 1-17, December.
    7. Xiao, Hao & Sun, Ke-Juan & Bi, Hui-Min & Xue, Jin-Jun, 2019. "Changes in carbon intensity globally and in countries: Attribution and decomposition analysis," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 235(C), pages 1492-1504.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Carbon footprint; Multi-region input–output table; Carbon leakage; Economic leakage;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods

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