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Reducing violence in poor urban areas of Honduras by building community resilience through community-based interventions

Author

Listed:
  • Nete Sloth Hansen-Nord

    () (DIGNITY Danish Institute Against Torture)

  • Finn Kjaerulf

    (DIGNITY Danish Institute Against Torture)

  • Juan Almendarez

    (The Centre for Prevention and Rehabilitation of Victims of Torture and Their Families (CPTRT))

  • Victor Morales Rodas

    (The Centre for Prevention and Rehabilitation of Victims of Torture and Their Families (CPTRT))

  • Julio Castro

    (The Centre for Prevention and Rehabilitation of Victims of Torture and Their Families (CPTRT))

Abstract

Abstract Objectives To examine the impact of a 3 year community-based violence prevention intervention on risk of violence and social capital in two poor urban communities in Honduras in 2011–2014. Methods A quasi-experimental design pre and post implementation of the intervention was conducted based on data from two randomly selected samples using the same structured questionnaire in 2011 and in 2014. Results Community members had a 42 % lower risk of violence in 2014 compared to 2011. There was a positive relation between participation in the intervention and structural social capital, and participants had more than twice the likelihood of engaging in citizenship activities compared to the general population. Conclusions The intervention contributed to decreasing violence and increasing community resilience in two urban areas in Honduras. Citizenship activities and active community participation in the violence prevention agenda rather than social trust and cohesion characteristics was affected by the intervention. This research introduces important lessons learned to future researchers aiming to retrieve very sensitive data in a similarly violent setting, and provides strong research opportunities within areas, which to this date remain undiscovered.

Suggested Citation

  • Nete Sloth Hansen-Nord & Finn Kjaerulf & Juan Almendarez & Victor Morales Rodas & Julio Castro, 2016. "Reducing violence in poor urban areas of Honduras by building community resilience through community-based interventions," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), vol. 61(8), pages 935-943, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:ijphth:v:61:y:2016:i:8:d:10.1007_s00038-016-0854-4
    DOI: 10.1007/s00038-016-0854-4
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Moser, Caroline O.N. & McIlwaine, Cathy, 2006. "Latin American Urban Violence as a Development Concern: Towards a Framework for Violence Reduction," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 89-112, January.
    2. Cathy McIlwaine & Caroline O. N. Moser, 2001. "Violence and social capital in urban poor communities: perspectives from Colombia and Guatemala," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(7), pages 965-984.
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