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Integrating local hybrid knowledge and state support for climate change adaptation in the Asian Highlands


  • Jianchu Xu
  • R. Grumbine



New hybrid forms of climate change adaptation combining local and nonlocal/scientific knowledge are emerging across the Asian Highlands region. Yet, while local adaptive capacity can be based on place-based knowledge that governments often lack, communities still need assistance from states to better adjust to climate change and socioeconomic impacts. Using a regional literature review, we evaluate the role of evolving hybrid forms of adaptive knowledge for coping with environmental and social change. The literature is clear that appreciating local knowledge is not enough; enfranchising people with representative decision-making and resource rights and responsibilities is also required so that people can employ that knowledge toward climate adaptation. Into the future, Asian Highland climate change actions must include more targeted state support for locally evolving hybrid knowledge, behaviors and institutions. Copyright The Author(s) 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Jianchu Xu & R. Grumbine, 2014. "Integrating local hybrid knowledge and state support for climate change adaptation in the Asian Highlands," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 124(1), pages 93-104, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:climat:v:124:y:2014:i:1:p:93-104
    DOI: 10.1007/s10584-014-1090-7

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Daniel Wildcat, 2013. "Introduction: climate change and indigenous peoples of the USA," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 120(3), pages 509-515, October.
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    3. Terry Williams & Preston Hardison, 2013. "Culture, law, risk and governance: contexts of traditional knowledge in climate change adaptation," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 120(3), pages 531-544, October.
    4. Eloise M. Biggs & Gary R. Watmough, 2012. "A Community‚ÄźLevel Assessment Of Factors Affecting Livelihoods In Nawalparasi District, Nepal," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(2), pages 255-263, March.
    5. Xu, Jintao & Yin, Runsheng & Li, Zhou & Liu, Can, 2006. "China's ecological rehabilitation: Unprecedented efforts, dramatic impacts, and requisite policies," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(4), pages 595-607, June.
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