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Review of underground logistic systems in the Netherlands: an ex-post evaluation of barriers, enablers and spin-offs

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  • Wiegmans, Bart W.
  • Visser, Johan
  • Konings, Rob
  • Pielage, Ben-Jaap A.

Abstract

Now, 10 years after the first plans, we analyse in this paper what has happened with Underground Logistic Systems (ULS). The major question in this paper is: Which barriers and enablers led to the failure of ULS and what ULS spin-offs can be found nowadays? Several factors can be classified as barriers or enablers. The main conclusions that can be drawn are that the opportunities for try-out were too limited; political support could have been gained on higher levels; the costs were too high, the catchment area was too limited; ULS in itself is a very promising system, but there was no one clear goal. In particular, the lack of a thorough and positive business model in combination with a lack of sufficient freight volumes almost immediately guaranteed the failure of the initiative. The spin-offs seem to have taken place in different directions: ranging from rather soft impacts (e.g. scientific knowledge) to more hard developments (adopting and developing transport and tunnelling technologies), and, although difficult to quantify, they are of great value.

Suggested Citation

  • Wiegmans, Bart W. & Visser, Johan & Konings, Rob & Pielage, Ben-Jaap A., 2010. "Review of underground logistic systems in the Netherlands: an ex-post evaluation of barriers, enablers and spin-offs," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 45, pages 34-49.
  • Handle: RePEc:sot:journl:y:2010:i:45:p:34-49
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10077/6157
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Worrell, Ernst & Price, Lynn & Martin, Nathan & Farla, Jacco & Schaeffer, Roberto, 1997. "Energy intensity in the iron and steel industry: a comparison of physical and economic indicators," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(7-9), pages 727-744.
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    Cited by:

    1. Arjan van Binsbergen & Rob Konings & Lóri Tavasszy & Ron van Duin, 2013. "Mega-projects in intermodal freight transport: innovation adoption," Chapters,in: International Handbook on Mega-Projects, chapter 10, pages 209-241 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Niklas Arvidsson & Michael Browne, 2013. "A review of the success and failure of tram systems to carry urban freight: the implications for a low emission intermodal solution using electric vehicles on trams," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 54, pages 1-5.
    3. repec:exl:1trans:v:10:y:2015:i:4:p:75-91 is not listed on IDEAS

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