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Znaczenie usług w globalnych łańcuchach wartości

Listed author(s):
  • Eliza Chilimoniuk-Przeździecka
  • Andżelika Kuźnar

Celem artykułu jest wyjaśnienie znaczenia usług w globalnych łańcuchach wartości. Omówiono zwłaszcza istotę tego stosunkowo nowego zjawiska oraz zbadano kształtowanie się udziału usług w tych łańcuchach. Dokonano krytycznej analizy literatury przedmiotu oraz zastosowano metodę analizy deskryptywnej w celu falsyfikacji poglądu, że serwicyzacja działalności gospodarczej i związane z nią rosnące znaczenie usług w procesach produkcyjnych skutkuje wzrostem globalnego sourcingu usług biznesowych, zwłaszcza innowacyjnych. Pomimo coraz ściślejszych powiązań między sektorem przemysłu i usług, rozdzielenie wielu procesów i zaopatrywanie się w nie u dostawców zagranicznych ze względu na redukcję kosztów jest istotne dla wielu firm chcących konkurować na rynku globalnym. Prowadzi to autorki do wniosku, że dostawy innowacji stały się strategicznym narzędziem utrzymania przewag konkurencyjnych – szczególnie cennym dla firm borykających się z problemem niedoboru wykwalifikowanych kadr zarówno w przedsiębiorstwie, jak i w kraju macierzystym oraz wysokimi kosztami pozyskania nowych technologii. Z tego powodu Chiny i Indie, jako dostawcy relatywnie taniej i wykwalifikowanej siły roboczej, odgrywają coraz większą rolę w opisywanych procesach i, na rynku dostawców usług, stają się konkurentami gigantów technologicznych z wysoko rozwiniętych krajów zachodnich.

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File URL: http://gospodarkanarodowa.sgh.waw.pl/p/gospodarka_narodowa_2016_05_07.pdf
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Article provided by Warsaw School of Economics in its journal Gospodarka Narodowa.

Volume (Year): (2016)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 141-156

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Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2016:i:5:p:141-156
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