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Znaczenie usług w globalnych łańcuchach wartości

Author

Listed:
  • Eliza Chilimoniuk-Przeździecka
  • Andżelika Kuźnar

Abstract

Celem artykułu jest wyjaśnienie znaczenia usług w globalnych łańcuchach wartości. Omówiono zwłaszcza istotę tego stosunkowo nowego zjawiska oraz zbadano kształtowanie się udziału usług w tych łańcuchach. Dokonano krytycznej analizy literatury przedmiotu oraz zastosowano metodę analizy deskryptywnej w celu falsyfikacji poglądu, że serwicyzacja działalności gospodarczej i związane z nią rosnące znaczenie usług w procesach produkcyjnych skutkuje wzrostem globalnego sourcingu usług biznesowych, zwłaszcza innowacyjnych. Pomimo coraz ściślejszych powiązań między sektorem przemysłu i usług, rozdzielenie wielu procesów i zaopatrywanie się w nie u dostawców zagranicznych ze względu na redukcję kosztów jest istotne dla wielu firm chcących konkurować na rynku globalnym. Prowadzi to autorki do wniosku, że dostawy innowacji stały się strategicznym narzędziem utrzymania przewag konkurencyjnych – szczególnie cennym dla firm borykających się z problemem niedoboru wykwalifikowanych kadr zarówno w przedsiębiorstwie, jak i w kraju macierzystym oraz wysokimi kosztami pozyskania nowych technologii. Z tego powodu Chiny i Indie, jako dostawcy relatywnie taniej i wykwalifikowanej siły roboczej, odgrywają coraz większą rolę w opisywanych procesach i, na rynku dostawców usług, stają się konkurentami gigantów technologicznych z wysoko rozwiniętych krajów zachodnich.

Suggested Citation

  • Eliza Chilimoniuk-Przeździecka & Andżelika Kuźnar, 2016. "Znaczenie usług w globalnych łańcuchach wartości," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 5, pages 141-156.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2016:i:5:p:141-156
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    wartość dodana; globalne łańcuchy wartości; gospodarki wschodzące; usługi; offshoring;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

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