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Innowacje otwarte polskich przedsiębiorstw

Author

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  • Małgorzata Stefania Lewandowska

Abstract

Celem opracowania jest ocena wpływu działań przedsiębiorstw w ramach innowacji otwartych (nieodpłatnego korzystania z informacji, współpracy w innowacjach oraz zakupu wiedzy) na ich sprawność innowacyjną, jak również określenie determinantów tych działań. Analiza prowadzona jest na danych z polskiej wersji kwestionariusza Community Innovation Survey (CIS) za lata 2008-2010. Próba to 7783 średnie i duże przedsiębiorstwa przemysłowe, z których ostatecznie do dalszych analiz wyodrębniono N = 990 firm. Na podstawie wyników modelu równań strukturalnych stwierdzono statystycznie istotny związek między współpracą w innowacjach z konkurentami, jak również faktem prowadzenia w przedsiębiorstwie prac B&R w sposób ciągły, a sprawnością innowacyjną badanych podmiotów, mierzoną zlogarytmizowanym udziałem procentowym sprzedaży produktów innowacyjnych. Analiza wartości krytycznych między parametrami pozwoliła ustalić hierarchię cech przedsiębiorstwa determinujących innowacje otwarte. Analiza makro indirect Hayesa pozwoliła z kolei ustalić mediacyjną rolę współpracy w innowacjach z różnymi partnerami w podziale na krajowych i zagranicznych w związku między poziomem chłonności wiedzy a sprawnością innowacyjną (mierzoną jako logarytm procentowego udziału w sprzedaży innowacji radykalnych i imitacji). Wyniki badania wskazują na złożoność relacji między analizowanymi zmiennymi zależnymi i niezależnymi i prowadzą do wniosku, że proces innowacji nie może być zredukowany wyłącznie do związków linearnych.

Suggested Citation

  • Małgorzata Stefania Lewandowska, 2014. "Innowacje otwarte polskich przedsiębiorstw," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 2, pages 53-80.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2014:i:2:p:53-80
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Lewandowska Małgorzata Stefania, 2015. "Capturing Absorptive Capacity: Concepts, Determinants, Measurement Modes and Role in Open Innovation," International Journal of Management and Economics, De Gruyter Open, vol. 45(1), pages 32-56, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    open innovation; innovation performance; innovative enterprise; Community Innovation Survey;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D

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