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Innowacje otwarte polskich przedsiębiorstw

Listed author(s):
  • Małgorzata Stefania Lewandowska
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    Celem opracowania jest ocena wpływu działań przedsiębiorstw w ramach innowacji otwartych (nieodpłatnego korzystania z informacji, współpracy w innowacjach oraz zakupu wiedzy) na ich sprawność innowacyjną, jak również określenie determinantów tych działań. Analiza prowadzona jest na danych z polskiej wersji kwestionariusza Community Innovation Survey (CIS) za lata 2008-2010. Próba to 7783 średnie i duże przedsiębiorstwa przemysłowe, z których ostatecznie do dalszych analiz wyodrębniono N = 990 firm. Na podstawie wyników modelu równań strukturalnych stwierdzono statystycznie istotny związek między współpracą w innowacjach z konkurentami, jak również faktem prowadzenia w przedsiębiorstwie prac B&R w sposób ciągły, a sprawnością innowacyjną badanych podmiotów, mierzoną zlogarytmizowanym udziałem procentowym sprzedaży produktów innowacyjnych. Analiza wartości krytycznych między parametrami pozwoliła ustalić hierarchię cech przedsiębiorstwa determinujących innowacje otwarte. Analiza makro indirect Hayesa pozwoliła z kolei ustalić mediacyjną rolę współpracy w innowacjach z różnymi partnerami w podziale na krajowych i zagranicznych w związku między poziomem chłonności wiedzy a sprawnością innowacyjną (mierzoną jako logarytm procentowego udziału w sprzedaży innowacji radykalnych i imitacji). Wyniki badania wskazują na złożoność relacji między analizowanymi zmiennymi zależnymi i niezależnymi i prowadzą do wniosku, że proces innowacji nie może być zredukowany wyłącznie do związków linearnych.

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    Article provided by Warsaw School of Economics in its journal Gospodarka Narodowa.

    Volume (Year): (2014)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 53-80

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    Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2014:i:2:p:53-80
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    17. Tether, Bruce S. & Tajar, Abdelouahid, 2008. "The organisational-cooperation mode of innovation and its prominence amongst European service firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 720-739, May.
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