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Innovativity : A Comparison Across Seven European Countries

  • Pierre Mohen


  • Jacques Mairesse


  • Marcel Dagenais


This paper proposes a framework to account for innovation similar to the usual accounting framework inproduction analysis and a measure of “innovativity” comparable to that of total factor productivity. Thisinnovation accounting framework is illustrated using micro-aggregated firm data from the first CommunityInnovation Surveys (CIS1) for seven European countries: Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, Germany, theNetherlands, Norway and Italy for the year 1992. Based on the estimation of a generalized Tobit model andmeasuring innovation as the share of total sales due to improved or new products, it compares thepropensity to innovate, and the innovation intensity conditional and unconditional on being innovative,across the seven countries and low- and high-tech manufacturing sectors. Even with relatively fewexplanatory variables our innovation framework already accounts for sizeable differences in countryinnovation intensity. It also shows that differences in innovativity across countries can be nonetheless verylarge.

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Paper provided by Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique in its series Working Papers with number 2006-15.

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Length: 58
Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2006-15
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  9. Brouwer, Erik & Kleinknecht, Alfred, 1999. "Keynes-Plus? Effective Demand and Changes in Firm-Level R&D: An Empirical Note," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(3), pages 385-91, May.
  10. Cockburn, Iain & Griliches, Zvi, 1988. "Industry Effects and Appropriability Measures in the Stock Market's Valuation of R&D and Patents," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(2), pages 419-23, May.
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  17. Dominique Foray, 2006. "The Economics of Knowledge," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262562235, June.
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  19. Crepon, B. & Duguet, E. & Mairesse, J., 1998. "Research Investment, Innovation and Productivity: An Econometric Analysis at the Firm Level," Papiers d'Economie Mathématique et Applications 98.15, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
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  23. Marcel Dagenais & Pierre Mohnen, 2000. "Towards an Innovation Intensity Index: The Case of CIS 1 in Denmark and Ireland," CIRANO Working Papers 2000s-20, CIRANO.
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