Les Ecotaxes dans les pays de l'OCDE: Un premier bilan
The use of environmental taxes as an instrument for environmental policy has developed considerably in several OECD countries. These «green» tax reforms, implemented in particular in Nordic countries and in the Netherlands, consist in adapting existing taxes, in particular on energy and transports, in an «ecological» way (e.g. by including an S02 or a C02 tax into the taxation of fuels). Other specific ecotaxes, on pesticides, waste, batteries etc. are also applied. Implementing such taxes requires certain conditions. First, existing tax distortions, including distortionary subsidies detrimental to the environment, must be removed. Second, the possible regressive and competitive impacts of these taxes must be effectively dealt with. How to use the tax revenue is a crucial issue: first, a «greening» of taxes without increasing the tax pressure is desirable; second, the question of whether a tax shift from labour to pollution would increase employment is strongly debated; several countries have already chosen to follow this path. Available data suggest that environmental taxes have triggered significant pollution reductions, in particular in Sweden.
Volume (Year): 134 (1998)
Issue (Month): III (September)
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: c/o SNB/BNS, Börsenstrasse 15, PO Box 2800, CH-8022 Zürich|
Phone: +41 (0)44 631 32 34
Fax: +41 (0)44 631 39 01
Web page: http://www.sjes.ch
More information through EDIRC
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Bovenberg, A.L. & de Mooij, R.A., 1994.
"Environmental levies and distortionary taxation,"
Other publications TiSEM
4b32deaa-ec2f-4de7-b59b-9, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
- Alberto Majocchi, 1996. "Green fiscal reform and employment: A survey," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 8(4), pages 375-397, December.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ses:arsjes:1998-iii-4. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Peter Steiner)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.