IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Telecommuting and the Demand for Urban Living: A Preliminary Look at White-collar Workers


  • Ingrid Gould Ellen

    (Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service, New York University, 4 Washington Square North, New York, NY 10003, USA, ingrid.ellen@nyuedu)

  • Katherine Hempstead

    (Center for State Health Policy, Rutgers University, 317 George Street, Suite 400, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-2008, USA,


With recent advances in communications technology, telecommuting appears to be an increasingly viable option for many workers. For urban researchers, the key question is whether this growing ability to telecommute is altering residential location decisions and leading households to live in smaller, lower-density and more remote locations. Using the Work Schedules supplement from the 1997 Current Population Study, this paper explores this question. Specifically, it examines the prevalence of telecommuting, explores the relationship between telecommuting and the residential choices of white-collar workers and, finally, speculates about future impacts on residential patterns and urban form.

Suggested Citation

  • Ingrid Gould Ellen & Katherine Hempstead, 2002. "Telecommuting and the Demand for Urban Living: A Preliminary Look at White-collar Workers," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 39(4), pages 749-766, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:39:y:2002:i:4:p:749-766

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ihlanfeldt, Keith R & Sjoquist, David L, 1990. "Job Accessibility and Racial Differences in Youth Employment Rates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(1), pages 267-276, March.
    2. Paglin, Morton, 1975. "The Measurement and Trend of Inequality: A Basic Revision," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 65(4), pages 598-609, September.
    3. William Levernier & Dan S. Rickman & Mark D. Partridge, 1995. "Variation in U.S. State Income Inequality: 1960-1990," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 18(3), pages 355-378, July.
    4. Janice F. Madden, 2000. "Changes in Income Inequality within U.S. Metropolitan Areas," Books from Upjohn Press, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, number cii.
    5. Paul Ong & Evelyn Blumenberg, 1998. "Job Access, Commute and Travel Burden among Welfare Recipients," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 35(1), pages 77-93, January.
    6. Joseph Persky & Mo-Yin Tam, 1994. "On The Persistent Structure Of Metropolitan Income Inequality, 1900-1980," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 24(3), pages 211-227, Winter.
    7. Lewis A. Soroka, 1987. "Male/Female Income Distributions, City Size and Urban Characteristics: Canada, 1970-1980," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 24(5), pages 417-426, October.
    8. Stephen Nord, 1984. "Urban Income Distribution, City Size, and Urban Growth: Some Further Evidence," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 21(3), pages 325-329, August.
    9. Barry T. Hirsch, 1982. "Income Distribution, City Size and Urban Growth: a Final Re-examination," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 19(1), pages 71-74, February.
    10. Sheldon Danziger, 1976. "Determinants of the Level and Distribution of Family Income in Metropolitan Areas, 1969," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 52(4), pages 467-478.
    11. Garofalo, Gasper & Fogarty, Michael S, 1979. "Urban Income Distribution and the Urban Hierarchy-Equality Hypothesis," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(3), pages 381-388, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Ory, D T & Mokhtarian, Patricia L, 2005. "An Empirical Analysis of Causality in the Relationship between Telecommuting and Residential and Job Relocation," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt9ts7d4j5, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    2. Seung-Nam Kim, 2016. "Two traditional questions on the relationships between telecommuting, job and residential location, and household travel: revisited using a path analysis," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, pages 537-563.
    3. Timothy G. Schiller, 2004. "Sprawl: what's in a name?," Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, issue Q4, pages 26-38.
    4. Patricia L Mokhtarian & Gustavo O Collantes & Carsten Gertz, 2004. "Telecommuting, residential location, and commute-distance traveled: evidence from State of California employees," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 36(10), pages 1877-1897, October.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:39:y:2002:i:4:p:749-766. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (SAGE Publications). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.