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Does Self-Regulatory Efficacy Matter? Effects of Punishment Certainty and Punishment Severity on Organizational Deviance


  • Kabiru Maitama Kura
  • Faridahwati Mohd. Shamsudin
  • Ajay Chauhan


Extant empirical research has reported conflicting findings with respect to the effects of punishment certainty and punishment severity on organizational deviance, suggesting the need to introduce a moderator. The present study tested whether self-regulatory efficacy matters on the relationships among punishment certainty, punishment severity, and organizational deviance. Drawing on deterrence and self-efficacy theories, this study examined the effects of punishment certainty, punishment severity, and self-regulatory efficacy on organizational deviance among 197 employed postgraduate students who enrolled in the Master of Business Administration program at two large universities located in the north-west geopolitical zone of Nigeria. We used self-administered questionnaires to collect data. Using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM), we found a significant negative relationship between punishment certainty and organizational deviance. Similarly, the results indicated that punishment severity had a significant negative relationship with organizational deviance. The study also found a significant negative relationship between self-regulatory efficacy and organizational deviance. As expected, self-regulatory efficacy was found to moderate the relationship between punishment certainty and organizational deviance. On the contrary, no significant interaction effect was found between self-regulatory efficacy and punishment severity. Implications of the study in the Nigerian context have been discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Kabiru Maitama Kura & Faridahwati Mohd. Shamsudin & Ajay Chauhan, 2015. "Does Self-Regulatory Efficacy Matter? Effects of Punishment Certainty and Punishment Severity on Organizational Deviance," SAGE Open, , vol. 5(2), pages 21582440155, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:sagope:v:5:y:2015:i:2:p:2158244015591822
    DOI: 10.1177/2158244015591822

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Bugdol Marek & Puciato Daniel, 2023. "Punishment of employees – its causes, types, and consequences, as well as factors determining punishment for poor quality," International Journal of Contemporary Management, Sciendo, vol. 59(4), pages 1-17, December.

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