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Employment in Schools in India


  • Chandan Jain


In the present article, we highlight the role that schools play in the Indian labour market. Using data from two rounds of the National Sample Survey, we provide estimates for the number of individuals employed in schools and the share of schools in the overall labour force in the country. We find that the share of schools in the overall labour force has increased between 2004–2005 and 2011–2012. Further, we also analyse the differences in these estimates across regions and gender as well. We find that despite the decline in female labour force in rural areas, number of females employed in schools in rural areas has increased over time. Additionally, we find that schools constituted the largest share in the overall female labour force employed in the services sector in the country. JEL: I20, J21

Suggested Citation

  • Chandan Jain, 2018. "Employment in Schools in India," Review of Market Integration, India Development Foundation, vol. 10(1), pages 19-44, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:revmar:v:10:y:2018:i:1:p:19-44

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    Labour force participation; female; employment; schools; India;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure


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