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Une analyse historique de la nature juridique de la firme

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  • Chassagnon, Virgile

Abstract

Cet article, qui s’inscrit dans le courant law and economics, est une contribution tant à l’économie de la firme qu’à l’histoire de la pensée juridique. Il propose, à partir d’une étude approfondie d’une littérature ancienne et originale, une analyse critique du paradigme du nœud de contrats qui réduit la firme à une fiction légale. A contrario, il est montré l’intérêt de reconsidérer une approche ontologique singulière de la firme en tant qu’entité (collective) réelle qui intègre sa dimension sociale irréductible. Cette théorie originale de la firme nous semble en mesure d’apporter de nouveaux fondements analytiques pour comprendre la complexité de cette institution primaire du capitalisme.

Suggested Citation

  • Chassagnon, Virgile, 2012. "Une analyse historique de la nature juridique de la firme," Revue de la Régulation - Capitalisme, institutions, pouvoirs, Association Recherche et Régulation, vol. 12.
  • Handle: RePEc:rvr:journl:2012:9832
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Virgile Chassagnon, 2010. "Firme (-réseau) et relations de pouvoir : une analyse théorique," Post-Print halshs-01371993, HAL.
    2. Pagano, Ugo, 2010. "Legal persons: the evolution of fictitious species," Journal of Institutional Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(1), pages 117-124, March.
    3. Yuri Biondi & Arnaldo Canziani & Thierry Kirat, 2007. "The Firm as an Entity: Implications for Economics, Accounting, and the Law," Post-Print halshs-00203355, HAL.
    4. Thierry Kirat, 1998. "Economie et droit. De l'analyse économique du droit à de nouvelles alliances ?," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-1087.
    5. Bernard Baudry & Virgile Chassagnon, 2012. "Ordre public versus ordre privé. Une approche critique de la conception williamsonienne des relations de travail aux États-Unis," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 63(6), pages 1037-1054.
    6. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
    7. Baysinger, Barry D & Butler, Henry N, 1985. "The Role of Corporate Law in the Theory of the Firm," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 28(1), pages 179-191, April.
    8. Geoffrey Hodgson, 2002. "The Legal Nature of the Firm and the Myth of the Firm-Market Hybrid," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(1), pages 37-60.
    9. Gindis, David, 2009. "From fictions and aggregates to real entities in the theory of the firm," Journal of Institutional Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 5(1), pages 25-46, April.
    10. Khalil, Elias L, 1997. "Is the Firm an Individual?," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(4), pages 519-544, July.
    11. Adelstein, Richard, 2010. "Firms as social actors," Journal of Institutional Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(3), pages 329-349, September.
    12. Virgile Chassagnon, 2011. "The law and economics of the modern firm: a new governance structure of power relationships," Revue d'économie industrielle, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(2), pages 25-50.
    13. Virgile Chassagnon, 2012. "Nature et ontologie sociale de la firme," Post-Print halshs-01371959, HAL.
    14. Richard Adelstein, 2010. "Firms as Social Actors," Wesleyan Economics Working Papers 2013-003, Wesleyan University, Department of Economics.
    15. Alain Couret, 2002. "La structure juridique des entreprises (corporate governance)," Revue internationale de droit économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(2), pages 339-367.
    16. Virgile Chassagnon, 2011. "The Network Firm as a Single Real Entity: Beyond the Aggregate of Distinct Legal Entities," Journal of Economic Issues, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(1), pages 113-136.
    17. Demsetz, Harold, 1988. "The Theory of the Firm Revisited," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 141-161, Spring.
    18. Virgile Chassagnon, 2012. "Fragmentation des frontières de la firme et dilution des responsabilités juridiques : l'éclatement de la relation d'emploi dans la firme-réseau multinationale," Revue internationale de droit économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 5-30.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    firme; paradigme du nœud de contrats; paradigme de l’entité réelle; fiction légale; droit et économie; Firm; nexus of contracts paradigm; real entity paradigm; legal fiction; law and economics; firma; paradigma del nudo de contratos; paradigma de la identidad real; ficción legal; derecho y economía;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
    • B40 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - General
    • K00 - Law and Economics - - General - - - General (including Data Sources and Description)
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General

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