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El concepto europeo de ciudad: una aplicación para España

Author

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  • Goerlich Gisbert, Francisco J.

    () (Universidad de Valencia e Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas (Ivie).)

  • Cantarino Marti, Isidro

    (Universidad Politécnica de Valencia)

Abstract

Este trabajo presenta un ejercicio de determinación de ciudades a partir de los criterios desarrollados en el seno de Eurostat y la DG-Regio. El concepto de ciudad se vincula a los centros de decisión a nivel local, es decir se trata de «ciudades administrativas» en el sentido de que están constituidas por un municipio o agrupación de municipios físicamente contiguos. No se trata de aglomeraciones puras de población, que satisfacen ciertos criterios de densidad y volumen mínimo, sino que, partiendo de estas aglomeraciones, a las que denominaremos centros urbanos, se las vincula a los municipios a partir de reglas prefijadas. Las limitaciones principales de este enfoque son fundamentalmente dos; por una parte el enfoque es puramente demográfico, es decir es la concentración de población la que acaba determinando las ciudades, mientras que otros aspectos, como las coberturas del suelo y la estructura productiva, quedan al margen. Por otra parte, la propuesta de ciudades debe asociarse más con núcleos urbanos que con las grandes áreas urbanas que incluyen la ciudad central y su radio de influencia. La razón es que la movilidad intra-día (conmmuting) no es considerada en esta primera etapa de análisis. La generación de centros urbanos, y la vinculación de éstos con la definición de las ciudades se realiza mediante simples operaciones en el contexto de los Sistemas de Información Geográfica (SIG). This paper presents an exercise in the determination of cities from clear and explicit quantitative criteria developed by Eurostat and the DG-Regio. The city concept is linked to the local political level, so in this sense we can talk about «administrative cities», since they are formed by one municipality, or a group of them that are physically contiguous. They are not pure population agglomerations satisfying certain criteria in terms of exceeding a threshold and/or a minimum density. We start from these urban agglomerations, called urban centers, but eventually we link them to municipalities. The main limitations of the analysis are two; on the one hand, the analysis is purely demographic, in the sense that it is the population concentration that eventually determines the number and extend of cities, other aspects such as land cover or the economic structure is absent from the analysis. On the other hand, the proposal is in line with the urban core concept, more than with the urban areas or larger urban zones that includes the urban core and its hinterland. This is so because commuting has not been taken into account in the first stage of the analysis. Building urban centers and linking them to municipalities is accomplished by means of simple Geographical Information System operations (GIS).

Suggested Citation

  • Goerlich Gisbert, Francisco J. & Cantarino Marti, Isidro, 2014. "El concepto europeo de ciudad: una aplicación para España," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 30, pages 145-156.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0277
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Edward L. Glaeser, 2005. "Urban colossus: why is New York America's largest city?," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Dec, pages 7-24.
    2. Edward L. Glaeser, 2005. "Urban Colossus: Why is New York America's Largest City?," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 2073, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    3. Goerlich Gisbert Francisco J., 2013. "Áreas rurales y coberturas del suelo," Working Papers 2013126, Fundacion BBVA / BBVA Foundation.
    4. Goerlich Gisbert Francisco J. & Cantarino Martí Isidro, 2012. "Una grid de densidad de población para España," Reports, Fundacion BBVA / BBVA Foundation, number 2012140.
    5. Vicente Ruiz & Lewis Dijkstra, 2011. "Refinement of the OECD regional typology: Economic Performance of Remote Rural Regions," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1650, European Regional Science Association.
    6. Edward L. Glaeser, 2005. "Urban Colossus: Why is New York America's Largest City?," NBER Working Papers 11398, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Monica Brezzi & Lewis Dijkstra & Vicente Ruiz, 2011. "OECD Extended Regional Typology: The Economic Performance of Remote Rural Regions," OECD Regional Development Working Papers 2011/6, OECD Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:lsprsc:v:10:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s12076-016-0181-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Moises Lenyn Obaco Alvarez & Vicente Royuela & Xavier Vítores, 2016. "Computing functional urban areas using a hierarchical travel time approach," ERSA conference papers ersa16p238, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    rejillas de población; núcleos urbanos; ciudades; demografía;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • R52 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Land Use and Other Regulations

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