IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Rural Poverty and Female Job Participation: A Case Study of Two Districts in West Bengal


  • Datta, Soumyendra Kishore


  • De, Tanushree

    (Research Scholar)


In rural areas, women are the major driving force of development in the communities. They combine the role of farm labour and off-farm occupation together with household activities. They are often entrepreneurial cash-earners supporting their families and creating opportunities for others. Women perform activities like cooking, caring for children and the old, collecting water and fuel wood and overall management of the households. An important prerequisite for performing such roles is an adequate asset base in the households for deriving multiple services and pursuing diversified livelihood strategy. This enables the households to have access to uninterrupted work opportunities for earning a decent income. This paper combines housing condition, diversified asset base and income to form a graded index of poverty where lower values reflect relative poverty. Using primary data from eight villages of four Gram-Panchayats in two relatively backward districts of Bankura and Birbhum in West Bengal, the paper explains the existence of poverty using multiple regression model. A logit regression is also used to analyse the factors that have a bearing on women job participation.

Suggested Citation

  • Datta, Soumyendra Kishore & De, Tanushree, 2015. "Rural Poverty and Female Job Participation: A Case Study of Two Districts in West Bengal," Bangladesh Development Studies, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS), vol. 38(01), pages 55-76, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:badest:0778

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fuwa, Nobuhiko, 2000. "The Poverty and Heterogeneity Among Female-Headed Households Revisited: The Case of Panama," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(8), pages 1515-1542, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Female; Poverty; Job Participation; Constraints;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:badest:0778. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dilruba Mahhuba). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.