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Déflation et politique monétaire

Author

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  • St-Amant, Pierre

    (Banque du Canada)

  • Tessier, David

    (Université du Québec en Outaouais)

Abstract

This paper discusses policies that monetary policy authorities could implement in response to a generalized and persistent decline in goods and services prices. The authors argue that in such situation the priority should be to defend the credibility of monetary policy. They differentiate between two types of credibility: that concerning the authorities’ intention to reach their target and that concerning the authorities’ capacity to reach the target. They then review a few instruments that could strengthen these two types of credibility. Their conclusion is that monetary policy authorities would have powerful tools at their disposal to escape deflation. Persistent and repeated policy errors would be needed for deflation to persist. Dans ce texte, les auteurs traitent des politiques que les autorités monétaires pourraient adopter pour mettre fin à une baisse généralisée des prix des biens et des services. Ils soutiennent que la priorité doit être d’asseoir la crédibilité de la politique monétaire. Ils distinguent deux types de crédibilité : celle relative à l’intention des autorités d’atteindre une cible de stabilité des prix et celle relative à leur capacité d’atteindre cette cible. Ils passent en revue quelques instruments susceptibles de renforcer ces deux types de crédibilité. Leur conclusion est que les autorités monétaires disposeraient de moyens puissants, bien que difficiles à doser, pour éliminer la déflation. Il faudrait des erreurs de politique persistantes et répétées pour qu’une déflation perdure.

Suggested Citation

  • St-Amant, Pierre & Tessier, David, 2008. "Déflation et politique monétaire," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 84(3), pages 307-323, septembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:84:y:2008:i:3:p:307-323
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Svensson, Lars-E-O, 2001. "The Zero Bound in an Open Economy: A Foolproof Way of Escaping from a Liquidity Trap," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 19(S1), pages 277-312, February.
    2. Andrew Filardo & Claudio E. V. Borio, 2004. "Back to the future? Assessing the deflation record," BIS Working Papers 152, Bank for International Settlements.
    3. David Amirault & Brian O'Reilly, 2001. "The Zero Bound on Nominal Interest Rates: How Important Is It?," Staff Working Papers 01-6, Bank of Canada.
    4. Alan J. Auerbach & Maurice Obstfeld, 2005. "The Case for Open-Market Purchases in a Liquidity Trap," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(1), pages 110-137, March.
    5. Michael D. Bordo & John Landon Lane & Angela Redish, 2004. "Good versus Bad Deflation: Lessons from the Gold Standard Era," NBER Working Papers 10329, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Pierre St-Amant & David Tessier, 2000. "Résultats empiriques multi-pays relatifs à l'impact des cibles d'inflation sur la crédibilité de la politique monétaire," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 26(3), pages 295-310, September.
    7. Marvin Goodfriend, 2000. "Overcoming the zero bound on interest rate policy," Conference Series ; [Proceedings], Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, pages 1007-1057.
    8. Gauti B. Eggertsson & Michael Woodford, 2004. "Policy Options in a Liquidity Trap," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 76-79, May.
    9. Carl E. Walsh, 2002. "When should central bankers be fired?," Economics of Governance, Springer, vol. 3(1), pages 1-21, March.
    10. Gauti B. Eggertsson & Michael Woodford, 2003. "The Zero Bound on Interest Rates and Optimal Monetary Policy," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 34(1), pages 139-235.
    11. Lars E.O. Svensson, 2003. "Escaping from a Liquidity Trap and Deflation: The Foolproof Way and Others," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 17(4), pages 145-166, Fall.
    12. Gregor W. Smith, 2006. "The spectre of deflation: a review of empirical evidence," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 39(4), pages 1041-1072, November.
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