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Conjugalité et fécondité des femmes canadiennes : un modèle dynamique estimé à l’aide d’une série de coupes transversales

Author

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  • Felteau, Claude

    (Département des sciences économiques, Université du Québec à Montréal)

  • Lefebvre, Pierre

    (Département des sciences économiques, Université du Québec à Montréal)

  • Merrigan, Philip

    (Département des sciences économiques, Université du Québec à Montréal)

  • Brouillette, Liliane

    (Centre de recherche sur l’emploi et les fluctuations économiques, Université du Québec à Montréal)

Abstract

In labor economics, an increasing number of assertions are set out in dynamic terms. Ideally, panel data — or, at least, retrospective data — must be used to test these assertions. However, recent studies have shown that data taken from a time series of cross sections can be used to estimate dynamic models. Following Moffitt (1990, 1993), a markovian model with discrete dependent variables is set up to analyze the marriage and fertility decisions of Canadian women. The model is estimated with data taken from the Survey of Consumer Finances, a cross sectional survey repeated over time with different samples. En économie du travail, un nombre croissant de propositions sont formulées en termes dynamiques. Pour tester ces propositions, on doit idéalement disposer de données longitudinales ou, tout au moins, rétrospectives. Cependant, des études récentes ont démontré que des données provenant de coupes transversales répétées dans le temps peuvent être utilisées pour estimer des modèles dynamiques. Suivant une approche proposée par Moffitt (1990, 1993), on construit un modèle markovien avec variables dépendantes discrètes pour analyser les décisions de formation des couples et de fécondité de rang un, deux et trois des femmes canadiennes. Ce modèle est estimé à l’aide de données tirées de l’Enquête sur les finances des consommateurs, une enquête ponctuelle répétée dans le temps.

Suggested Citation

  • Felteau, Claude & Lefebvre, Pierre & Merrigan, Philip & Brouillette, Liliane, 1997. "Conjugalité et fécondité des femmes canadiennes : un modèle dynamique estimé à l’aide d’une série de coupes transversales," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 73(1), pages 233-263, mars-juin.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:73:y:1997:i:1:p:233-263
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Moffitt, Robert, 1993. "Identification and estimation of dynamic models with a time series of repeated cross-sections," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1-2), pages 99-123, September.
    2. Tuma, Nancy Brandon & Robins, Philip K, 1980. "A Dynamic Model of Employment Behavior: An Application to the Seattle and Denver Income Maintenance Experiments," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 1031-1052, May.
    3. Hotz, V Joseph & Miller, Robert A, 1988. "An Empirical Analysis of Life Cycle Fertility and Female Labor Supply," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(1), pages 91-118, January.
    4. Cigno, Alessandro & Ermisch, John, 1989. "A microeconomic analysis of the timing of births," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 737-760, April.
    5. Deaton, Angus, 1985. "Panel data from time series of cross-sections," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1-2), pages 109-126.
    6. Chris Robinson & Nigel Tomes, 1982. "Family Labour Supply and Fertility: A Two-Regime Model," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 15(4), pages 706-734, November.
    7. Geoffrey Carliner & Christopher Robinson & Nigel Tomes, 1980. "Female Labour Supply and Fertility in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 13(1), pages 46-64, February.
    8. Heckman, James J & Walker, James R, 1990. "The Third Birth in Sweden," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 3(4), pages 235-275, December.
    9. Heckman, James J & Walker, James R, 1990. "The Relationship between Wages and Income and the Timing and Spacing of Births: Evidence from Swedish Longitudinal Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(6), pages 1411-1441, November.
    10. Pierre Lefebvre & Philip Merrigan, 1995. "Welfare Benefits and incomes of Canadian Families: A Dynamic Analysis of Marital-Cohabitation Dissolution," Cahiers de recherche du Département des sciences économiques, UQAM 9504, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques.
    11. Browning, Martin & Deaton, Angus & Irish, Margaret, 1985. "A Profitable Approach to Labor Supply and Commodity Demands over the Life-Cycle," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(3), pages 503-543, May.
    12. Wilbert van der Klaauw, 1996. "Female Labour Supply and Marital Status Decisions: A Life-Cycle Model," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 63(2), pages 199-235.
    13. Heckman, James J. & Robb, Richard Jr., 1985. "Alternative methods for evaluating the impact of interventions : An overview," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1-2), pages 239-267.
    14. MacRae, Elizabeth Chase, 1977. "Estimation of Time-Varying Markov Processes with Aggregate Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 45(1), pages 183-198, January.
    15. repec:cai:popine:popu_p1994_49n2_0456 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Edith Duclos & Pierre Lefebvre & Philip Merrigan, 2001. "A 'Natural Experiment' on the Economics of Storks: Evidence on the Impact of Differential Family Policy on Fertility Rates in Canada," Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers 136, CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal.
    2. Ben Pelzer & Rob Eisinga & Philip Franses, 2005. "“Panelizing” Repeated Cross Sections," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 39(2), pages 155-174, April.

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