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Les permis d’émission et les charges : efficacité et substituabilité

  • Grafton, Quentin R.

    (Département de science économique, Université d’Ottawa)

  • Devlin, Rose Anne

    (Département de science économique, Université d’Ottawa)

This paper examines how the pollution generating technologies of firms affect the efficacy of tradeable emission permits. It is shown that the ability of firms to substitute among pollutants whenever markets are missing for a subset of pollutants is likely to prevent the dynamic efficiencies normally attributed to market based instruments. We argue that regulators have a readily implementable rule for assessing the extent of this problem. The paper also examines how the government may capture the scarcity rent that accrues to tradeable permits allocated gratis. We compare the effects of four possible methods of rent capture: an emissions permit rental charge, profit charge, output charge, and an emissions permit transfer charge. These methods of rent capture are shown to have different impacts on the efficiency of tradeable emission permits. The methods of rent capture are also examined whenever the regulator faces imperfect information and firms can substitute among pollutants. Cet article examine l’effet des technologies polluantes sur l’efficacité de l’échange des permis d’émissions. Nous démontrons que la capacité des entreprises à substituer les polluants, lorsqu’il y a absence de marché pour certains d’entre eux, fera probablement obstacle à l’efficacité dynamique normalement attribuée aux instruments de marché. Il est à noter que le régulateur dispose d’une mesure qui lui permet d’évaluer l’ampleur de ce problème. Par ailleurs, on examine la façon dont le gouvernement peut s’approprier la rente provenant de l’échange de permis alloués gratuitement. Nous comparons les effets de quatre méthodes d’appropriation de rente, soit une surcharge sur le prix des permis d’émission, une charge sur les profits, une charge sur le produit et une charge sur le transfert des permis d’émission. On démontre que ces méthodes d’appropriation de rente ont des effets différents sur l’efficacité des permis d’émission transférables. L’analyse de ces méthodes est faite dans un contexte où le régulateur fait face à de l’information imparfaite et où les entreprises peuvent substituer les polluants.

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Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 70 (1994)
Issue (Month): 2 (juin)
Pages: 159-176

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:70:y:1994:i:2:p:159-176
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  1. Marin, Alan, 1991. "Firm incentives to promote technological change in pollution control: Comment," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 297-300, November.
  2. McAfee, R Preston & McMillan, John, 1987. "Auctions and Bidding," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 25(2), pages 699-738, June.
  3. T. H. Tietenberg, 1978. "Spatially Differentiated Air Pollutant Emission Charges: An Economic and Legal Analysis," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 54(3), pages 265-277.
  4. Lyon, Randolph M., 1986. "Equilibrium properties of auctions and alternative procedures for allocating transferable permits," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 129-152, June.
  5. Krupnick, Alan J. & Oates, Wallace E. & Van De Verg, Eric, 1983. "On marketable air-pollution permits: The case for a system of pollution offsets," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 233-247, September.
  6. Grafton R. Quentin, 1995. "Rent Capture in a Rights-Based Fishery," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 48-67, January.
  7. Dupont, Diane P., 1990. "Rent dissipation in restricted access fisheries," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 26-44, July.
  8. Misiolek, Walter S., 1980. "Effluent taxation in monopoly markets," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 103-107, June.
  9. Franciosi Robert & Isaac R. Mark & Pingry David E. & Reynolds Stanley S., 1993. "An Experimental Investigation of the Hahn-Noll Revenue Neutral Auction for Emissions Licenses," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 1-24, January.
  10. Thomas H. Tietenberg, 1980. "Transferable Discharge Permits and the Control of Stationary Source Air Pollution: A Survey and Synthesis," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 56(4), pages 391-416.
  11. Devlin, R.A. & Grafton, R.Q., 1993. "Tradeable Permits, Missing Markets, and Technology," Working Papers 9301e, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
  12. Oates, Wallace E. & Strassmann, Diana L., 1984. "Effluent fees and market structure," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 29-46, June.
  13. Lee, Dwight R. & Misiolek, Walter S., 1986. "Substituting pollution taxation for general taxation: Some implications for efficiency in pollutions taxation," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 338-347, December.
  14. Hamilton, Jonathan H & Sheshinski, Eytan & Slutsky, Steven M, 1989. "Production Externalities and Long-run Equilibria: Bargaining and Pigovian Taxation," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 27(3), pages 453-71, July.
  15. Milliman, Scott R. & Prince, Raymond, 1989. "Firm incentives to promote technological change in pollution control," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 247-265, November.
  16. Tietenberg, T H, 1990. "Economic Instruments for Environmental Regulation," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(1), pages 17-33, Spring.
  17. Terkla, David, 1984. "The efficiency value of effluent tax revenues," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 107-123, June.
  18. Lee, Dwight R., 1975. "Efficiency of pollution taxation and market structure," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 69-72, September.
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