Optimal Green Taxation With Both Emission and Commodity Taxes
Several authors have argued that the second-best environmental tax on a “dirty good” is less than marginal emission damage associated with its consumption. These studies limit their analysis to cases in which emissions can only be reduced by a reduction of the dirty good. With a more general specification that allows abatement through input substitution, we show that the direct emissions tax cannot be less than marginal emission damage, regardless of the normalization.
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