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Une réduction de la semaine légale de travail augmente-t-elle la demande de travailleurs?

Listed author(s):
  • Fortin, Bernard

    (Groupe de Recherche en Politique Économique, Université Laval)

This paper presents a theoretical model of the impact of a reduction of standard working time on the demand for workers. The model endogenizes the decision of the firm for overtime hours. Substitution and scale effects associated with this policy are examined using duality theorems under rationing. Simulations illustrate the limits in the potential of this policy for creating jobs in a small open economy. Dans cet article, nous présentons un modèle théorique de l’impact de la réduction de la semaine de travail sur la demande de travailleurs. Le modèle permet en particulier l’endogénéisation de la décision de l’entreprise d’embaucher à temps supplémentaire. Les effets de substitution et d’échelle associés à cette politique sont mis en évidence à l’aide des théorèmes de dualité en présence de rationnement. Les simulations présentées illustrent clairement les limites dans le potentiel de création d’emploi de cette politique, dans le contexte d’une petite économie ouverte comme le Québec.

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Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 65 (1989)
Issue (Month): 3 (septembre)
Pages: 423-442

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:65:y:1989:i:3:p:423-442
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