IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Une réduction de la semaine légale de travail augmente-t-elle la demande de travailleurs?


  • Fortin, Bernard

    (Groupe de Recherche en Politique Économique, Université Laval)


This paper presents a theoretical model of the impact of a reduction of standard working time on the demand for workers. The model endogenizes the decision of the firm for overtime hours. Substitution and scale effects associated with this policy are examined using duality theorems under rationing. Simulations illustrate the limits in the potential of this policy for creating jobs in a small open economy. Dans cet article, nous présentons un modèle théorique de l’impact de la réduction de la semaine de travail sur la demande de travailleurs. Le modèle permet en particulier l’endogénéisation de la décision de l’entreprise d’embaucher à temps supplémentaire. Les effets de substitution et d’échelle associés à cette politique sont mis en évidence à l’aide des théorèmes de dualité en présence de rationnement. Les simulations présentées illustrent clairement les limites dans le potentiel de création d’emploi de cette politique, dans le contexte d’une petite économie ouverte comme le Québec.

Suggested Citation

  • Fortin, Bernard, 1989. "Une réduction de la semaine légale de travail augmente-t-elle la demande de travailleurs?," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 65(3), pages 423-442, septembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:65:y:1989:i:3:p:423-442

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Toedter, Karl-Heinz, 1988. "Effects of shorter hours on employment in disequilibrium models," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 1319-1333, July.
    2. Theodore W. Schultz, 1974. "Economics of the Family: Marriage, Children, and Human Capital," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number schu74-1, January.
    3. M. S. Feldstein, 1967. "Specification of the Labour Input in the Aggregate Production Function," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 34(4), pages 375-386.
    4. Neary, J. P. & Roberts, K. W. S., 1980. "The theory of household behaviour under rationing," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 25-42, January.
    5. Burkhauser, Richard V & Turner, John A, 1978. "A Time-Series Analysis on Social Security and Its Effect on the Market Work of Men at Younger Ages," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(4), pages 701-715, August.
    6. Hoel, Michael, 1986. "Employment and Allocation Effects of Reducing the Length of the Workday," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 53(29), pages 75-85, February.
    7. Frank Reid, 1986. "Combatting Unemployment through Work Time Reductions," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 12(2), pages 275-285, June.
    8. Hoel, Michael & Vale, Bent, 1986. "Effects on unemployment of reduced working time in an economy where firms set wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 1097-1104, October.
    9. Gary S. Becker & H. Gregg Lewis, 1974. "Interaction between Quantity and Quality of Children," NBER Chapters,in: Economics of the Family: Marriage, Children, and Human Capital, pages 81-90 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Paul Lanoie & François Raymond & Bruce S. Shearer, 1996. "Work Sharing and Productivity : Evidence from a Natural Experiment," CIRANO Working Papers 96s-06, CIRANO.
    2. Michael Huberman & Paul Lanoie, 1998. "Worksharing in Québec: Five Case Studies," CIRANO Working Papers 98s-11, CIRANO.
    3. Michael Huberman & Paul Lanoie, 2000. "Changing Attitudes Toward Worksharing: Evidence from Quebec," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 26(2), pages 141-155, June.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:65:y:1989:i:3:p:423-442. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bruce Shearer). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.