IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Fondements microéconomiques de la durée du travail et politiques de réduction

Listed author(s):
  • Simon Cueva
  • Eric Heyer
  • Dominique Taddéi

[eng] Microeconomic foundations of working time and reduction policies. Simon Cueva, Eric Heyer, Dominique Taddéi. For most economists decline in the real working time should increase employment. They are nonetheless divided on the most appropriate means leading to an effective reduction, and they oppose especially on the effects of decline in the legal working time. We attempt to clarify this debate, dealing with the microeconomic behavior of the setting of working time and with its consequences when working time reduction policies are aimed at increasing employment are concerned. First, our studie sheds light on the strategic role of the average reference time over the behavior of the firm in the long term: beyond the weekly legal working time, it is necessary to take branches' collective agreements and the intensity of work into account. When they confront the legal working time to this average effective working time, we are surprised by the very strong concentration of the second around the first. The structuring role of the legal working time (and therefore of collective regulations) thus appears : this has a very large importance in the choice of working time reduction policy. legal working time to this average effective working time, we are surprised by the very strong concentration of the second around the first. The structuring role of the legal working time (and therefore of collective regulations) thus appears : this has a very large importance in the choice of working time reduction policy. [fre] Si la plupart des économistes s'accordent à penser qu'une baisse de la durée effective du travail serait favorable pour l'emploi, ils sont par contre très divisés sur les modalités les plus propices à une réduction effective, et s'opposent en particulier sur les effets d'une baisse de la durée légale. Nous tentons ici de clarifier le débat en traitant du comportement microéconomique de fixation des horaires de travail par les entreprises et de ses conséquences du point de vue des politiques de réductions du temps de travail destinées à créer des emplois. Ce travail fait d'abord ressortir le rôle stratégique de la durée moyenne de référence dans le comportement de long terme des entreprises : au-delà de la durée légale hebdomadaire, la prise en compte des conventions collectives de branches et de l'intensité du travail en continu paraît nécessaire. Quand, ensuite, on confronte la durée de référence à cette durée effective moyenne, on ne peut manquer d'être surpris par la très forte concentration de la seconde autour de la première. Ainsi apparaît le rôle structurant de la durée de référence (et donc des régulations collectives), ce qui a une très grande importance dans le choix des modalités d'une politique de réduction du temps de travail.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): 64 (1998)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 69-95

in new window

Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1998_num_64_1_1485
Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.1998.1485
Contact details of provider: Web page:

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. F. P. R. Brechling, 1965. "The Relationship between Output and Employment in British Manufacturing Industries," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 32(3), pages 187-216.
  2. Catherine Bloch-London & Olivier Marchand, 1990. "Les enjeux de la durée du travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 231(1), pages 19-32.
  3. Hart, Robert A., 1984. "Worksharing and factor prices," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 165-188, March.
  4. R. A. Hart & T. Sharot, 1978. "The Short-run Demand for Workers and Hours: A Recursive Model," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 45(2), pages 299-309.
  5. Hoel, Michael & Vale, Bent, 1986. "Effects on unemployment of reduced working time in an economy where firms set wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 1097-1104, October.
  6. Hart, Robert A. & McGregor, Peter G., 1988. "The returns to labour services in West German manufacturing industry," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 947-963, April.
  7. Calmfors, Lars & Hoel, Michael, 1989. "Work Sharing, Employment and Shiftwork," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 41(4), pages 758-773, October.
  8. Booth, Alison & Schiantarelli, Fabio, 1987. "The Employment Effects of a Shorter Working Week," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 54(214), pages 237-248, May.
  9. Calmfors, Lars & Hoel, Michael, 1988. " Work Sharing and Overtime," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 90(1), pages 45-62.
  10. Calmfors, Lars, 1985. "Work sharing, employment and wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 293-309.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1998_num_64_1_1485. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.