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Structure de coût généralisée et horaire optimal


  • François Contensou
  • Radu Vranceanu


[eng] General Cost Structure and Optimal Working Hours François Contensou and Radu Vranceanu This study endeavours to show the role that indirect labour costs can play in explaining the working week formed spontaneously in a decentralised economy. The first part of the paper considers production to be predetermined by a market outlet constraint. The model is then generalised by considering the activity level of firms to be endogenous. The analysis reveals the systematic formation of a working hours conflict and shows the determining factors behind this conflict. It is also possible to use this framework to represent the effects of legal reductions in working hours, advocated as a tool for curbing unemployment. The findings here are inconclusive. The study specifies the conditions needed for these government-imposed working- week reductions to really encourage firms to hire more employees. [fre] Structure de coût généralisée et horaire optimal François Contensou et Radu Vranceanu L'étude s'efforce de mettre en évidence le rôle que les coûts indirects du travail pourraient jouer dans l'explication de la durée du travail formée spontanément dans une économie décentralisée. Le premier stade du texte considère la production comme prédéterminée par une contrainte de débouchés. Le modèle est ensuite généralisé en considérant le niveau de l'activité des firmes comme endogène. L'analyse révèle la formation systématique d'un conflit portant sur l'horaire de travail et en élucide les déterminants. Il est également possible dans ce cadre de représenter les effets des réductions légales de l'horaire, préconisées comme instrument de lutte contre le chômage. Les conclusions dans ce domaine sont nuancées, et l'étude précise les conditions nécessaires pour que ces réductions autoritaires de la durée du travail incitent réellement les entreprises à augmenter leurs effectifs.

Suggested Citation

  • François Contensou & Radu Vranceanu, 1996. "Structure de coût généralisée et horaire optimal," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 125(4), pages 37-50.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1996_num_125_4_5805 Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1996.5805

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. M. S. Feldstein, 1967. "Specification of the Labour Input in the Aggregate Production Function," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 34(4), pages 375-386.
    2. Greenwald, Bruce & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1988. "Pareto Inefficiency of Market Economies: Search and Efficiency Wage Models," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(2), pages 351-355, May.
    3. Booth,Alison L., 1994. "The Economics of the Trade Union," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521468398, December.
    4. Hoel, Michael & Vale, Bent, 1986. "Effects on unemployment of reduced working time in an economy where firms set wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 1097-1104, October.
    5. Fischer, Stanley, 1988. "Recent Developments in Macroeconomics," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 98(391), pages 294-339, June.
    6. Giacomo Corneo, 1995. "Distributional implications of a shorter working week: An unpleasant note," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 62(1), pages 25-31, February.
    7. FitzRoy, Felix R, 1993. "On the Non Uniqueness of Competitive Equilibrium with an Intensive Margin," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 40(3), pages 283-294, August.
    8. Calmfors, Lars & Hoel, Michael, 1988. " Work Sharing and Overtime," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 90(1), pages 45-62.
    9. Solow, Robert M., 1979. "Another possible source of wage stickiness," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 79-82.
    10. Calmfors, Lars, 1985. "Work sharing, employment and wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 293-309.
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    Cited by:

    1. François Contensou & Radu Vranceanu, 1998. "A model of working time under utility competition in the labor market," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 67(2), pages 145-166, June.

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