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Le secteur public comme premier utilisateur d’innovations


  • Dalpé, Robert

    (Département de science politique, Université de Montréal)

  • DeBresson, Christian

    (Département de sciences économiques, Université Concordia)


The role of public demand on innovation is the central theme of this exploratory study which tries to evaluate the weight of the canadian public sector as 1) first user of innovation; 2) user of inventions patented by Canadians; 3) buyer of manufactured products, 25% of innovations find their first use in the public sector, as do 13% of patents and 8% of the manufacturing production. This tremendous market power provides the state with significant impact on innovation, whether it applies an explicit procurement policy or not. Several questions need to be examined in order to develop a deeper understanding of the role of public purchasing and of its potential impact on technological development through such elements as: its buying power, its supply structure, the magnitude of its orders and its requirements concerning product characteristics and links with supply mechanisms. Cette étude exploratoire porte sur le rôle de la demande du secteur public au Canada dans l’innovation. On essaie d’estimer le poids du secteur public canadien en tant que 1) premier utilisateur d’innovations; 2) utilisateur d’inventions brevetées par des Canadiens; et 3) acheteur de biens manufacturés. Le secteur public est le premier utilisateur de 25 % des innovations et est un utilisateur potentiel de 13 % des brevets, alors qu’il achète 8 % de la production. L’État a ainsi un pouvoir de marché important, ce qui lui donne un impact significatif sur l’innovation, que les gouvernements appliquent ou non une politique explicite d’achat. Pour mieux comprendre le rôle de la demande publique, plusieurs questions devront être examinées : le pouvoir de marché, la structure industrielle de l’offre, la taille des commandes et les caractéristiques de la demande publique.

Suggested Citation

  • Dalpé, Robert & DeBresson, Christian, 1989. "Le secteur public comme premier utilisateur d’innovations," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 65(1), pages 53-70, mars.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:65:y:1989:i:1:p:53-70

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Barry Bozeman & Albert Link, 1984. "Public support for private R&D: The case of the research tax credit," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 4(3), pages 370-382.
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