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La demande d’énergie du secteur commercial québécois


  • Bernard, Jean-Thomas

    (GREEN, Université Laval)

  • Lessard, François

    (GREEN, Université Laval)

  • Thivierge, Simon

    (GREEN, Université Laval)


Few studies are concerned with the energy demand of the canadian commercial sector. The modeling works in this area at EMR, Canada and at NEB rely on the two-levels approach. At the first level, the energy demand is expressed as function of energy relative price, commercial sector output, and other variables. At the second level, the market shares of energy forms are related to their relative prices. These studies are based on a thermal measure of energy consumption; such a way of measuring energy consumption introduces systematic bias in energy price and income elasticities. Furthermore, no account is taken of the possible relationships between energy and other inputs (capital and labour). Peu d’études ont comme sujet la demande d’énergie du secteur commercial au Canada. Parmi celles-ci, celles du ministère fédéral de l’Énergie des Mines et des Ressources et de l’Office National de l’Énergie ont utilisé l’approche à deux niveaux. Au premier niveau, la demande d’énergie est modélisée en fonction de son prix relatif, du PIB du secteur commercial et d’autres variables explicatives. Au second niveau, les parts thermiques des formes d’énergie sont reliées à leurs prix relatifs. Ces études se basent sur une mesure de la consommation d’énergie en équivalent thermique, introduisant ainsi un biais systématique au niveau de l’élasticité-prix et de l’élasticité-revenu. De plus, cette structure ignore les relations possibles entre l’énergie et les autres facteurs de production (capital et travail).

Suggested Citation

  • Bernard, Jean-Thomas & Lessard, François & Thivierge, Simon, 1986. "La demande d’énergie du secteur commercial québécois," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 62(1), pages 5-22, mars.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:62:y:1986:i:1:p:5-22

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robin Boadway, 1980. "Corporate Taxation and Investment: A Synthesis of the Neo-Classical Theory," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 13(2), pages 250-267, May.
    2. Diewert, W.E., 1993. "Duality approaches to microeconomic theory," Handbook of Mathematical Economics,in: K. J. Arrow & M.D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Mathematical Economics, edition 4, volume 2, chapter 12, pages 535-599 Elsevier.
    3. Hulten, Charles R, 1973. "Divisia Index Numbers," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 41(6), pages 1017-1025, November.
    4. Jean-Thomas Bernard & Pierre Cauchon, 1987. "Thermal and Economic Measures of Energy Use: Differences and Implications," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 2), pages 125-135.
    5. Fuss, Melvyn A., 1977. "The demand for energy in Canadian manufacturing : An example of the estimation of production structures with many inputs," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 89-116, January.
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