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Local Substitution and Habit Persistence: Matching the Moments of the Equity Premium and the Risk-Free Rate

  • Olivier Allais

    (CORELA-INRA)

This paper studies the empirical properties of introducing consumption complementarity and/or substitutability over time in a Lucas-style asset pricing model. Specifically, I investigate whether the model can replicate a selected set of observed U.S. asset return moments over the 1890-1999 period. Firstly, I find that local substitution substantially improves the habit persistence model's ability to fit the asset return moments. Secondly, combined effects of local substitution and long-run complementarity over consumption nearly explain the equity premium and the risk-free rate means and volatilities. I conclude that both habit persistence and local substitution are required to solve the standard financial empirical puzzles. However, these results imply slightly high values of relative risk aversion in consumption and in wealth. (Copyright: Elsevier)

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.red.2003.09.004
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Article provided by Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics in its journal Review of Economic Dynamics.

Volume (Year): 7 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 265-296

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Handle: RePEc:red:issued:v:7:y:2004:i:2:p:265-296
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  1. Constantinides, George M, 1990. "Habit Formation: A Resolution of the Equity Premium Puzzle," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(3), pages 519-43, June.
  2. Hansen, Lars Peter & Jagannathan, Ravi, 1991. "Implications of Security Market Data for Models of Dynamic Economies," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(2), pages 225-62, April.
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  4. John Y. Campbell & John H. Cochrane, 1994. "By Force of Habit: A Consumption-Based Explanation of Aggregate Stock Market Behavior," CRSP working papers 412, Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago.
  5. Andrew B. Abel, . "Asset Prices Under Habit Formation and Catching Up With the Jones," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 1-90, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
  6. Lee, Bong-Soo & Ingram, Beth Fisher, 1991. "Simulation estimation of time-series models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2-3), pages 197-205, February.
  7. Thomas Tallarini & Harold Zhang, . "External Habit and the Cyclicality of Expected Stock Returns," GSIA Working Papers 1997-26, Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business.
  8. Lawrence J. Christiano & Jonas D.M. Fisher, 1997. "Algorithms for solving dynamic models with occasionally binding constraints," Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues WP-97-15, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
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  12. repec:cup:macdyn:v:3:y:1999:i:2:p:243-77 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. Hindy, Ayman & Huang, Chi-fu, 1992. "Intertemporal Preferences for Uncertain Consumption: A Continuous Time Approach," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(4), pages 781-801, July.
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  24. John Y. Campbell & John Cochrane, 1999. "Force of Habit: A Consumption-Based Explanation of Aggregate Stock Market Behavior," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(2), pages 205-251, April.
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  27. Cecchetti, Stephen G & Lam, Pok-sang & Mark, Nelson C, 1994. " Testing Volatility Restrictions on Intertemporal Marginal Rates of Substitution Implied by Euler Equations and Asset Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(1), pages 123-52, March.
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