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Volatilidad y crisis: Tres lecciones para países en desarrollo

  • Loayza, Norman

La crisis internacional reciente no ha invalidado el conocimiento adquirido previamente sobre los orígenes y las curas de las crisis económicas. Por el contrario, lo ha confirmado. En este artículo se describen tres lecciones de siempre, confirmadas por la última crisis internacional. Primero, las políticas e instituciones domésticas, y no la globalización, son los principales determinantes de la volatilidad excesiva y las crisis económicas. Segundo, los seguros gratuitos o subsidiados al riesgo y la práctica de “rescates” a bancos y empresas deficientes están en el origen de las peores crisis. Y tercero, la flexibilidad para ajustarse a nuevas condiciones, alentada por un marco regulatorio ligero y eficiente, es el mejor antídoto contra los descalabros macroeconómicos.

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Article provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its journal Revista Estudios Económicos.

Volume (Year): (2011)
Issue (Month): 22 ()
Pages: 9-20

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Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-22-01
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  1. Raddatz, Claudio, 2005. "Are external shocks responsible for the instability of output in low income countries?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3680, The World Bank.
  2. Norman V. Loayza & Claudio Raddatz, 2007. "The Structural Determinants of External Vulnerability," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 21(3), pages 359-387, October.
  3. Philip R Lane & Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti, 2011. "The Cross-Country Incidence of the Global Crisis," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 59(1), pages 77-110, April.
  4. Raphael Bergoeing; Loayza & Norman; Repetto, 2004. "Slow recoveries," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 36, Econometric Society.
  5. Paul Collier & Benedikt Goderis, 2009. "Structural policies for shock-prone developing countries," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 61(4), pages 703-726, October.
  6. Malik, Adeel & Temple, Jonathan R.W., 2009. "The geography of output volatility," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 163-178, November.
  7. Roberto Chang, & Linda Kaltani & Norman Loayza, 2006. "Openness Can be Good for Growth: The Role of Policy Complementarities," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 373, Central Bank of Chile.
  8. Cesar Calderon & Tatiana Didier, 2009. "Severity of the Crisis and its Transmission Channels," World Bank Other Operational Studies 10946, The World Bank.
  9. Olivier J. Blanchard & Mitali Das & Hamid Faruqee, 2010. "The Initial Impact of the Crisis on Emerging Market Countries," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 41(1 (Spring), pages 263-323.
  10. Norman V. Loayza & Romain Rancière & Luis Servén & Jaume Ventura, 2007. "Macroeconomic Volatility and Welfare in Developing Countries: An Introduction," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 21(3), pages 343-357, October.
  11. Ramey, Garey & Ramey, Valerie A, 1995. "Cross-Country Evidence on the Link between Volatility and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1138-51, December.
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