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Volatilidad y crisis: Tres lecciones para países en desarrollo

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  • Loayza, Norman

Abstract

La crisis internacional reciente no ha invalidado el conocimiento adquirido previamente sobre los orígenes y las curas de las crisis económicas. Por el contrario, lo ha confirmado. En este artículo se describen tres lecciones de siempre, confirmadas por la última crisis internacional. Primero, las políticas e instituciones domésticas, y no la globalización, son los principales determinantes de la volatilidad excesiva y las crisis económicas. Segundo, los seguros gratuitos o subsidiados al riesgo y la práctica de “rescates” a bancos y empresas deficientes están en el origen de las peores crisis. Y tercero, la flexibilidad para ajustarse a nuevas condiciones, alentada por un marco regulatorio ligero y eficiente, es el mejor antídoto contra los descalabros macroeconómicos.

Suggested Citation

  • Loayza, Norman, 2011. "Volatilidad y crisis: Tres lecciones para países en desarrollo," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 22, pages 9-20.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-22-01
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    File URL: http://www.bcrp.gob.pe/docs/Publicaciones/Revista-Estudios-Economicos/22/ree-22-loayza.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ramey, Garey & Ramey, Valerie A, 1995. "Cross-Country Evidence on the Link between Volatility and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1138-1151, December.
    2. Chang, Roberto & Kaltani, Linda & Loayza, Norman V., 2009. "Openness can be good for growth: The role of policy complementarities," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(1), pages 33-49, September.
    3. Bergoeing, Raphael & Loayza, Norman & Repetto, Andrea, 2004. "Slow recoveries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(2), pages 473-506, December.
    4. Norman V. Loayza & Romain Rancière & Luis Servén & Jaume Ventura, 2007. "Macroeconomic Volatility and Welfare in Developing Countries: An Introduction," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 21(3), pages 343-357, October.
    5. Raddatz, Claudio, 2007. "Are external shocks responsible for the instability of output in low-income countries?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 155-187, September.
    6. Paul Collier & Benedikt Goderis, 2009. "Structural policies for shock-prone developing countries," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 61(4), pages 703-726, October.
    7. Philip R Lane & Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti, 2011. "The Cross-Country Incidence of the Global Crisis," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 59(1), pages 77-110, April.
    8. Cesar Calderon & Tatiana Didier, 2009. "Severity of the Crisis and its Transmission Channels," World Bank Other Operational Studies 10946, The World Bank.
    9. Malik, Adeel & Temple, Jonathan R.W., 2009. "The geography of output volatility," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 163-178, November.
    10. Olivier J. Blanchard & Mitali Das & Hamid Faruqee, 2010. "The Initial Impact of the Crisis on Emerging Market Countries," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 41(1 (Spring), pages 263-323.
    11. Norman V. Loayza & Claudio Raddatz, 2007. "The Structural Determinants of External Vulnerability," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 21(3), pages 359-387, October.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F00 - International Economics - - General - - - General
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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