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Les approches volontaires comme instrument de régulation environnementale

  • Maia David

[fre] Maia David Les approches volontaires comme instrument de régulation environnementale Depuis une dizaine d'années, les grandes entreprises polluantes ont été de plus en plus nombreuses à adopter une attitude active face à la protection de l'environnement. Ces initiatives des industriels en matière d'environnement ont pris le nom d'« approches volontaires ». Le recours croissant à ce type d'approche suscite des interrogations quant à leur aptitude à protéger l'environnement de manière efficace. Peut-on compter sur les entreprises pour contribuer au développement durable de manière crédible et responsable ? Dans quelle mesure, et sous quelles conditions, les approches volontaires peuvent-elles remplacer ou compléter les instruments traditionnels de régulation environnementale ? Cet article propose une analyse critique de la littérature académique sur les approches volontaires et une réflexion sur les pistes de recherche pertinentes pour la compléter. [eng] Voluntary Agreements as an Environmental Policy Instrument For the past ten years, polluting firms have increasingly adopted a pro-active attitude towards the environmental protection. These environmental initiatives from polluters are called « voluntary approaches ». Their increasing implementation raises some questioning on their ability to protect the environment in an efficient way. May the regulator rely on firms to contribute to sustainable development in a credible and responsible way ? Under which conditions can voluntary approaches replace or complete the traditional environmental policy tools ? This article surveys the existing academic literature on voluntary approaches and offers some suggestions for further research in this field.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 19 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 227-273

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2004_num_19_1_1545
Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2004.1545
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