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Réglementation et ouverture à la concurrence des activités en réseaux : le cas des télécommunications

  • Edmond Baranes
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    [fre] Cet article dresse un panorama des problèmes liés à la réglementation des activités en réseaux récemment ouvertes à la concurrence. En premier lieu, la recherche d'une gestion efficace des activités a conduit les autorités de réglementation à abandonner les mécanismes de réglementation traditionnels au profit des instruments de la réglementation incitative. La réglementation par les plafonds de prix, qui est dans la pratique le mode de réglementation le plus fréquent, constitue alors un exemple de mécanisme incitatif. En second lieu, la libéralisation a nécessité la mise en place de nou- velles pratiques réglementaires portant notamment sur les règles d'accès. A partir de l'exemple du secteur des télécommunications, qui dispose dans ce domaine d'une expérience relativement ancienne par rapport à d'autres secteurs, nous analysons plus particulièrement la problématique de l'interconnexion et celle du service universel, qui constituent les éléments clés de la libéralisation. [eng] The purpose of this paper is an overview of the problems wich emerge with the liberalization of networks. Then, we analyse the regulatory policy in these sectors and we focuse on the universal service and the pricing of interconnection in telecommunications.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/rfeco.1998.1071
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/rfeco_0769-0479_1998_num_13_4_1071
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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

    Volume (Year): 13 (1998)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 161-186

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1998_num_13_4_1071
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1998.1071
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/rfeco

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    1. Nicholas Economides, 1995. "The Economics of Networks," Working Papers 94-24, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics, revised Sep 1995.
    2. Armstrong, M. & Doyle, C. & Vickers, J., 1995. "The access pricing problem: a synthesis," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 9532, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    3. Andrei Shleifer, 1985. "A Theory of Yardstick Competition," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 16(3), pages 319-327, Autumn.
    4. Economides, Nicholas & White, Lawrence J., 1994. "Networks and compatibility: Implications for antitrust," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(3-4), pages 651-662, April.
    5. Brown,Stephen J. & Sibley,David Sumner, 1986. "The Theory of Public Utility Pricing," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521314008, Junio.
    6. Baumol, William J, 1982. "Contestable Markets: An Uprising in the Theory of Industry Structure," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(1), pages 1-15, March.
    7. Nicholas Economides & William Lehr, 1994. "The Quality of Complex Systems and Industry Structure," Working Papers 94-06, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
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