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Evolution du commerce extérieur français et ajustement des emplois : le rôle de l'intra-branche et de la qualité des produits

Listed author(s):
  • Christian Montet
  • Mohamed Harfi
  • Nassim Oulmane

[fre] Evolution du commerce extérieur français et ajustement des emplois. Le rôle de l'intra-branche et de la qualité des produits L'objet de cet article est de chercher à vérifier l'existence d'une relation entre ajustement de l'emploi et nature du commerce de la France durant les années quatre-vingt. Les théories du commerce international nous enseignent que les ajustements sectoriels en termes d'emplois liés aux modifications des échanges extérieurs doivent être sensiblement différents selon la nature même des flux d'échange : inter-branche ou intra-branche, et selon le degré et la nature de la différenciation des produits quand le commerce est intra-branche. Les principaux résultats confirment l'existence de certains liens emploi-nature des flux commerciaux. En particulier, les pertes en emploi sont assez sensibles au classement des produits en termes de qualité (plus de la moitié des pertes d'emploi dues au commerce sont attribuables aux produits de basse qualité). [eng] Evolution of french foreign trade and job adjustments: the effects of intra-industry trade and product quality This article tries to evaluate the potential relationship between job adjustments and the nature of trade flows in France during the 80s. The theory of international trade suggests that the sectoral changes in employment should differ significantly according to the nature of trade flows: inter or intra-industry trade, and according to the level and type of product differentiation. The major results of our study confirm the existence of a link between job adjustments and the nature of trade. In particular, job losses are sensitive to the ranking of products in terms of quality (more than half of the total losses of jobs correspond to low quality products).

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/reco.1997.409934
Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/reco_0035-2764_1997_num_48_5_409934
Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 48 (1997)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 1145-1164

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1997_num_48_5_409934
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1997.409934
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/reco

References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Brander, James & Krugman, Paul, 1983. "A 'reciprocal dumping' model of international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3-4), pages 313-321, November.
  2. Falvey, Rodney E., 1981. "Commercial policy and intra-industry trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 495-511, November.
  3. Lionel Fontagné & Michaël Freudenberg & Nicolas Peridy, 1997. "Trade Patterns Inside the Single Market," Working Papers 1997-07, CEPII research center.
  4. Lionel Fontagné & Michaël Freudenberg, 1997. "Intra-Industry Trade: Methodological Issues Reconsidered," Working Papers 1997-01, CEPII research center.
  5. Clive Hamilton & Paul Kniest, 1991. "Trade liberalisation, structural adjustment and intra-industry trade: A note," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 127(2), pages 356-367, June.
  6. David Greenaway & Robert Hine & Chris Milner, 1994. "Country-specific factors and the pattern of horizontal and vertical intra-industry trade in the UK," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 130(1), pages 77-100, March.
  7. Greenaway, David & Hine, Robert C & Milner, Chris, 1995. "Vertical and Horizontal Intra-industry Trade: A Cross Industry Analysis for the United Kingdom," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(433), pages 1505-1518, November.
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