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A vertikálisan és horizontálisan differenciált mezőgazdasági termékek ágazaton belüli kereskedelme Magyarország és az Európai Unió Között
[Intra-industry trade in vertically and horizontally differentiated agricultural products, between Hungary and the European Union]

  • Fertő, Imre
  • Hubbard, Lionel J.

Az ágazaton belüli kereskedelmet horizontális és vertikális komponensre oszthatjuk az egységértékek segítségével. Három különböző módszert alkalmazunk az ágazaton belüli kereskedelem mérésére, amelyeket standard regressziós modellek segítségével tesztelünk. Eredményeink szerint az ágazaton belüli horizontális kereskedelem szintje alacsony, inkább az ágazaton belüli vertikális kereskedelem a jelentős, noha kevésbé fontos, mint az ágazatok közötti kereskedelem. Vizsgálatunk azt sugallja, hogy az ágazaton belüli kereskedelem vertikális és horizontális fajtájának elkülönítése jobb becslésekhez vezet, továbbá megerősíti azt a véleményt, hogy a meghatározó tényezők különbözhetnek a kereskedelem típusa szerint. A regressziós elemzésben az ágazaton belüli kereskedelem szintjének mutatója jobb függő változónak bizonyult, mint a másik két mutató: az ágazaton belüli kereskedelem foka, illetve aránya. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: F12, Q17.

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Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): L (2003)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 152-163

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:595
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Order Information: Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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  1. Lionel Fontagné & Michaël Freudenberg, 1997. "Intra-Industry Trade: Methodological Issues Reconsidered," Working Papers 1997-01, CEPII research center.
  2. Greenaway, David & Hine, Robert C & Milner, Chris, 1995. "Vertical and Horizontal Intra-industry Trade: A Cross Industry Analysis for the United Kingdom," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(433), pages 1505-18, November.
  3. Helpman, Elhanan, 1981. "International trade in the presence of product differentiation, economies of scale and monopolistic competition : A Chamberlin-Heckscher-Ohlin approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 305-340, August.
  4. Falvey, Rodney E., 1981. "Commercial policy and intra-industry trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 495-511, November.
  5. Lancaster, Kelvin, 1980. "Intra-industry trade under perfect monopolistic competition," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 151-175, May.
  6. Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1987. "The Causes and Consequences of the Dependence of Quality on Price," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 25(1), pages 1-48, March.
  7. José Blanes & Carmela Martín, 2000. "The nature and causes of intra-industry trade: Back to the comparative advantage explanation? The case of Spain," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 136(3), pages 423-441, 09.
  8. Brulhart, Marius, 2000. "Dynamics of Intraindustry Trade and Labor-Market Adjustment," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(3), pages 420-35, August.
  9. Lars Nilsson, 1999. "Two-way trade between unequal partners: The EU and the developing countries," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 135(1), pages 102-127, March.
  10. Lars Nilsson, 1997. "The measurement of intra-industry trade between unequal partners," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 133(3), pages 554-565, September.
  11. Motta, Massimo, 1992. "Sunk Costs and Trade Liberalisation," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(412), pages 578-87, May.
  12. David Greenaway & Robert C. Hine, 1991. "Intra-Industry Specialization, Trade Expansion and Adjustment in the European Economic Space," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(6), pages 603-622, December.
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