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L'ordinateur : un outil de sélection ? Utilisation de l'informatique, salaire et risque de chômage

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  • Michel Gollac
  • Francis Kramarz

Abstract

[fre] L'ordinateur : un outil de sélection ? Utilisation de l'informatique, salaire et risque de chômage. . À l'aide d'enquêtes statistiques et d'interviews de salariés, nous mettons en évidence les effets de sélection qui sont favorisés par la mise en place de l'informatique dans les entreprises. En particulier, cette sélection se voit sur les salaires - les salariés utilisant l'informatique étaient déjà mieux payés avant de commencer à utiliser cet outil (toutes choses égales d'ailleurs) que les non-utilisateurs -comme sur le risque de tomber au chômage plus faible pour les utilisateurs. [eng] Computers : a selection device ? Computer use, wage, and unemployment. . Using statistical surveys as well as interviews of employed workers, we show the selection effects that were induced by the implementation of computers within firms. These effects are particularly visible on wages - computer users were better paid than non-users (all things equal) before starting to use computers - and on the unemployment probability (lower for users).

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Gollac & Francis Kramarz, 1997. "L'ordinateur : un outil de sélection ? Utilisation de l'informatique, salaire et risque de chômage," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(5), pages 1115-1143.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1997_num_48_5_409933
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1997.409933
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & David N. Margolis, 1999. "High Wage Workers and High Wage Firms," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(2), pages 251-334, March.
    2. Françis Kramarz & Françis Kramarz & Louis-Paul Pelé, 1996. "Wage Inequalities and Firm-Specific Compensation policies in France," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 41-42, pages 369-386.
    3. David Card & Francis Kramarz & Thomas Lemieux, 1999. "Changes in the Relative Structure of Wages and Employment: A Comparison of the United States, Canada, and France," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(4), pages 843-877, August.
    4. Michel Gollac, 1989. "L'ordinateur dans l'entreprise reste un outil de luxe," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 224(1), pages 17-25.
    5. repec:adr:anecst:y:1996:i:41-42 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:adr:anecst:y:1996:i:41-42:p:15 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Jacob Mincer, 1958. "Investment in Human Capital and Personal Income Distribution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 281-281.
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