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Le canal du crédit en France depuis la déréglementation financière : quelques tests exploratoires


  • Jean-Paul Pollin
  • Raphaëlle Bellando
  • Claude Jessua


[eng] We try and test the existence of a credit channel in France since the begining of financial deregulation. We analyse the influence of monetary policy on the spread between bank lending interest rates and money market rates ; moreover we study the predictive power of these spreads on the evolution of GDP. We show that banks smooth rather than amplify the variations of money market rates. Fur­thermore, the spreads between bank lending rates and market rates contain infor­mation about future activity. Finally, our tests do not provide a formal proof of the influence of monetary policy on activity by the credit channel. [fre] Nous cherchons à tester l'existence d'un canal du crédit en France depuis la déréglementation financière. Nous tentons d'analyser l'influence de la politique monétaire sur les écarts entre taux des crédits bancaires et taux monétaires ; d'autre part, on analyse le contenu en information de ces écarts sur l'évolution du PIB. Nous montrons que les banques lissent au lieu de les amplifier les variations des taux monétaires. De plus, les écarts entre taux des crédits bancaires et taux de marché contiennent de l'information sur l'activité future. Au total, nos tests ne permettent pas de valider une influence de la politique monétaire sur l'activité par le canal du crédit.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Paul Pollin & Raphaëlle Bellando & Claude Jessua, 1996. "Le canal du crédit en France depuis la déréglementation financière : quelques tests exploratoires," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 47(3), pages 731-743.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1996_num_47_3_409811
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1996.409811

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fried, Joel & Howitt, Peter, 1980. "Credit Rationing and Implicit Contract Theory," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 12(3), pages 471-487, August.
    2. Eric Dubois & Didier Janci, 1994. "Prévision du PIB par la courbe des taux : une constatation empirique en quête de théorie," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, pages 69-85.
    3. Laurence Bloch & Benoît Cœuré, 1995. "Imperfections du marché du crédit, investissement des entreprises et cycle économique," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, pages 161-185.
    4. Berger, Allen N & Udell, Gregory F, 1992. "Some Evidence on the Empirical Significance of Credit Rationing," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(5), pages 1047-1077, October.
    5. Anil K. Kashyap & Jeremy C. Stein, 1994. "Monetary Policy and Bank Lending," NBER Chapters,in: Monetary Policy, pages 221-261 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Charles S. Morris & Gordon H. Sellon, 1995. "Bank lending and monetary policy: evidence on a credit channel," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q II, pages 59-75.
    7. Olivier Paquier, 1994. "Les effets de la politique monétaire sur l'activité passent-ils par le canal du crédit ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 9(2), pages 71-104.
    8. Kashyap, Anil K & Stein, Jeremy C & Wilcox, David W, 1993. "Monetary Policy and Credit Conditions: Evidence from the Composition of External Finance," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(1), pages 78-98, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Loupias, Claire & Savignac, Frédérique & Sevestre, Patrick, 2001. "Monetary policy and bank lending in France: are there asymmetries?," Working Paper Series 0101, European Central Bank.
    2. Gambacorta, Leonardo, 2003. "Asymmetric bank lending channels and ECB monetary policy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 25-46, January.
    3. Cieply Sylvie, 2001. "The Radical Change of French Firms’ Financial Characteristics. Macroeconomic Consequences and Lessons for Political Economics / Die französische Finanzrevolution. Die Folgen für die Finanzstruktur der," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 221(5-6), pages 556-576, October.
    4. repec:ksp:journ1:v:4:y:2017:i:1:p:1-13 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Jean Louis EKOMANE & Benjamin YAMB, 2016. "The Measurement of Credit Channel in the CEMAC Zone," Journal of Economics and Political Economy, KSP Journals, vol. 3(4), pages 744-766, December.
    6. Rondorf, Ulrike, 2012. "Are bank loans important for output growth?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 103-119.
    7. Paolo Chiades & Leonardo Gambacorta, 2004. "The Bernanke and Blinder Model in an Open Economy: The Italian Case," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 5(1), pages 1-34, February.

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