Transmission de la politique monétaire et crédit bancaire. Une application à trois pays de l'OCDE
[fre] Transmission de la politique monétaire et crédit bancaire. Une application à trois pays de l'OCDE Le débat sur les canaux de transmission de la politique monétaire s'est situé récemment sur la question du canal par le crédit bancaire. Nous utilisons ici des modèles VAR pour analyser les effets d'un choc de politique monétaire sur l'économie aux États-Unis, au Japon et en Allemagne. Ces estimations nous permettent aussi de déduire les fonctions de réaction des autorités monétaires. Il en ressort principalement que le canal de transmission de la politique monétaire ne semble pas passer par le crédit bancaire. En effet, au niveau macro-économique, le crédit ne réagit pas de manière significative à une variation du taux d'intérêt. En revanche, les réponses significatives du taux de change et de la masse monétaire confortent plutôt une transmission par ces canaux. [eng] The transmission of monetary policy and bank : the case of three OECD countries The debate on monetary policy transmission channels has recently focused on the « bank credit channel ». We have used VAR models in order to simulate the impact of monetary policy shocks on the economies of United States, Japan and Germany. The estimation of the VAR also permits consideration of the reaction function of monetary policy authorities. The main result is that, at least at the macro level, credit does not react significantly following a shock to interest rates. In contrast, the significant reaction of both monetary aggregates and exchange rates confirms the assumption that monetary policy is transmitted through these variables.
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Volume (Year): 46 (1995)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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